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News Archive

  • The New York Clipper, November 03, 1906

    This article will discuss the law of copyright, a familiar concept with broad applications for businesses. As the article will explain, copyright law is often less than straightforward; although copyright protections are often wide-ranging, there are several important limits to the scope of these protections. One of these limits involves so-called “useful articles” – creative works that have both creative and functional elements (for instance, an ornately-designed trash can that is displayed as a sculpture in a modern art museum). The concept of useful articles helps to delineate between copyright law – which is intended to protect creative expression – and patent law – which is intended to protect inventions or “functional ideas.” Useful articles contain both creative expression and functional ideas, so these items have an ambiguous status under intellectual property law. Several courts have attempted to clarify this ambiguity, but useful articles doctrine remains a nebulous legal concept. This article will introduce some of the relevant case law in useful articles doctrine, and then discuss the applications of that law on one example of a useful object – a lawyer’s work product.

  • President Trump’s promise to quickly pass a revamped North American Free Trade Agreement has been upended by the mid...
    Midterms affect Congressional activity as it resumes; Democrat win in the midterms may compromise new NAFTA agreement; The threat of raising interest rates may adversely affect US federal debt. 
  • Image: Cambodian flag, Source: Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the...
    Prime Minister Hun Sen declared victory in Cambodia’s general election held on July 29; a race he was nearly guaranteed to win. His ruling party, the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP), pledges continued national economic growth, infrastructure projects in rural areas, lower utility prices, and increased access to water and other vital resources.[1] Having led Cambodia since 1985, Prime Minister Hun Sen argues that he has stabilized the country politically and economically, following the rule of the Khmer Rouge and the subsequent Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia, while committing a host of human rights’ violations. Hun Sen has publicly stated his intention to serve for at least two more five-year terms.[2]
  • Image: Children bond with story-telling, crafts, Source: Marines.org

    Social caseworkers often make tough decisions of whether or not to remove children from their homes during investigations of abuse and neglect. However, states also have the option to provide social services, such as parental counseling, substance abuse treatment, and financial aid. Over the past several decades, it has been historically easier for states to access federal aid for their foster care system, rather than for their parental social services.

  • Treatment of Opioid Use Disorders: Significance of Medicaid Expansion and the Patient-Centered Opioid Addiction Treatment ...
    The United States is experiencing a serious opioid epidemic and addressing this crisis should be a national health priority. In 2016, drug overdoses alone resulted in 63,632 American deaths, 66.4% of which involved prescription opioids, illicit opioids, or both. [1] This number will most likely continue to climb as the most recently available data shows opioid overdoses to have increased 30 percent from July 2016 through September 2017 in 45 states. [2] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that the total economic cost of prescription opioid misuse in the United States is $78.5 billion a year, including the costs of healthcare, lost productivity, addiction treatment, and criminal justice involvement. [Ibid.] This epidemic began developing in the early 2000s and has now become the largest and fastest growing problem affecting public health, social welfare, and the US economy.  The epidemic is characterized by a move from the abuse of legally manufactured prescription opioids to the abuse of illegally manufactured “street” opioids such as heroin and illicitly-made fentanyl. [3] Evidence suggests that the supply-reduction efforts in the prescription of opioids, the natural tendency of addiction to more potent opioids, as well as a greater supply of cheap illicit opioids have all contributed to this new trend. [4]
  • A federal judge in Montana on Thursday blocked the Trump administration’s permit allowing the Keystone XL pipeline a...
    Judge issues a block on Trump administration’s permit for Keystone XL pipeline; FDA approves new non-drug based painkiller options; Consumer sentiments rise; Wholesale prices surge at its fastest rate in 6 years. 
  • The Federal Reserve on Thursday held interest rates steady while signaling that it will stay the course and move rates up ...
    Trump to issue a new policy that will force asylum seekers to conduct paper work at the port of entry; Following the Democratic voted majority in the House, legislatures are anticipated to increase oversight of tech regulators; US Jobless claims decline; Federal Reserve decides to keep Interest rates stable. 
  • uniform, healt care, doctor, health, hospital, medical care, medicine, ambulance, stethoscope, medical records, white coat
    A carbon tax proposal rejected by voters in Washington State; Democrats gain higher ability and latitude to bolster health care initiative; The number of mortgages taken out falls. 
  • President Donald Trump’s administration asked the U.S. Supreme Court on Monday to allow it to end a program introduc...
    A new bill to revamp American infrastructure might be in the new Congress’ horizon; Trump urges Supreme Court to rule on DACA Program; The Pentagon deploys more troops at the US-Mexico border; Net job openings decrease. 
  • George W. Taylor Professor, Professor of Management, Director of Center for Human Resources, Professor Peter Cappelli
    To help meets its production goals of their 737 aircraft, Boeing is enlisting retired employees that posses the skills and knowledge required to meet the company objective. Regarding the recruitment of workers, Professor Peter Cappelli indicates, “Trying to find workers, especially on a temporary basis, who understand the operations and can make contributions immediately is otherwise just about impossible.”
  • The midterm elections will be the first major test of election security since 2016, and also set the stage for the next Co...
    Concerns rise regarding American voting security; Trump administration to re-impose sanctions on Iran; Net Neutrality changes ratified by Supreme Court; UK securities exchange down in light of Brexit. 
  • Image: Voting key, symbolizing the growing connection between elections and technology. Source: National Conference of Sta...
    The Bloomberg article, “Private Equity Controls the Gatekeepers of American Democracy,” takes a critical look at who controls the U.S. election technology industry. Citing “The Business of Voting, Market Structure and Innovation in the Election Technology Industry,” the article points out that the market is overwhelmingly concentrated. “Congress in 2002 passed the Help America Vote Act and doled out more than $3 billion to states to upgrade machines and train poll workers. Once the funds dried up, the industry began consolidating. Now, the three companies cover about 92 percent of voters, according to research by the Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative at the University of Pennsylvania.”
  • Image: Tesla Model X Charging Station, Source: Pxhere
    The debate over climate change and what (if anything) should be done about it has plagued the politics of the 21st century. These debates manifest themselves along partisan lines and different economic beliefs. For example, the Paris Climate Agreement has not proven to have lasting effects due to the absence of actionable agreements regarding contribution in funding and guidelines between the participating countries, mostly based on monetary concerns.[1] Another international agreement touching on the subject in a distinct way has been the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP). The agreement, while rooted as a free trade agenda, acknowledged and laid out guidelines for environmental governance in the public as well as the private sector to break the cycle of government inaction. Unlike its predecessors, the language encouraged governments to develop “voluntary mechanisms” that “are truthful…and take into account scientific and technical information… [and] if applicable…are based on relevant international standards”, however, these notions have not been implemented.[2] Both of these agreements are examples of the relative failure of the current political order in addressing environmental governance.
  • President Trump said he wants to keep undocumented immigrants apprehended at the border in detention until their legal cas...
    Trump administration criticizes Democratic efforts to increase the federal minimum wage; Trump announces intent to retain apprehended migrants at the boarder rather than release them into the country for civil proceedings; Labor market observes increase in private sector jobs; Despite indicators of a strong economy, US productivity lags. 
  • Penn Wharton PPI Faculty Affiliate, Professor Jennifer Blouin
    In a discussion on the GOP Tax Cuts, Wharton Professor of Accounting and Taxation, Jennifer Blouin, defends the claim that if US companies that have outsourced to other countries, return to the US, these gains will offset the current rise in the deficit.
  • Penn Wharton PPI Faculty Affiliate, Professor Michael Useem
    In a discussion on the management styles and practices of GE, Wharton Management Professor, Michael Useem, comments how the introduction of an outsider into their program represents a complete departure from historical culture of the organization.
  • The Affordable Care Act’s sixth open-enrollment season begins Thursday, marking a test of the health law’s stabili...
    As open-enrollment for the Affordable Care Act approaches, lawmakers wait to see its viability; Wisconsin places workers regulations on its Medicaid programs; Jobless Claims remain low indicating a strong labor force; US productivity rises as companies push production but limit increases in labor. 
  • Penn Wharton PPI Faculty Affiliate, Professor Susan M. Wachter
    In an interview with CNBC, Professor Susan M. Wachter of the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania discusses the effects of higher home prices on millennials. She indicates that although the United States is in peak housing supply, mortgage rates and housing prices are constricting demand. She also argues that millennials will continue to drive demand, but that they will want to buy at current prices and mortgage rates.
  • President Trump said he was preparing an executive order that would nullify the long-accepted constitutional guarantee of ...
    Trump indicates intent to limit 14th amendment rights; Justice department takes on a record number of market manipulation cases; Despite America’s withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the agreement goes into effect through Australia’s ratifying vote; Rate of job growth increases.
  • Economic Policy Challenges Facing California's Next Governor.
    According to the research of Lee Ohanian and Jesús Fernández-Villaverde, California has undergone an increase in population. A few of the problems related to population increase are the cost and lack of housing. The median home value in California is 150% above the national average($541,800 to $218,000). Additionally, only 30% of California residents are able to afford the state’s median home value. To address California’s housing challenges,  Ohanian and Fernández-Villaverde both argue to enact more zoning regulations that migrate people to lower cost of living areas. Also, both Ohanian and Fernández-Villaverde recommend expanding rent control.
  • Promise Zones
    Community success is predicated on the support of education, housing, health, and safety. In other words, to make a community successful, one must look for solutions and programs that create cooperation across a variety of stakeholders. Complex problems originating from multiple sectors can most effectively be solved by using cross-sector collaborations.[1] Ultimately, these cross-sector collaborations and collective impact initiatives can yield better results than isolated impact approaches. The term “Collective Impact” was first coined by John Kania and Mark Kramer in an article published in 2011 in the Stanford Social Innovation Review. Collective impact is defined as “the commitment of a group of important actors from different sectors to a common agenda for solving a specific social problem.”[2] The five conditions for successful collective impact initiatives are: a common agenda, shared measurement systems, mutually reinforcing activities, continuous communication, and backbone support organizations.
  • International Shipping Trade
    Until the 1990s, multilateral negotiations were the norm when states wanted to lower tariffs in order to improve transnational trade. However, the tense atmosphere and dissatisfaction of developing nations after the end of the Uruguay Round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1994 led to an increase in Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs). PTAs permit nations to make preferred trade agreements amongst individual nations or regional groups which lower trade barriers such as tariffs and oftentimes decrease non-trade barriers such as labor. As trade liberalization has become increasingly difficult over the years (as exemplified by the last two WTO rounds), PTAs have become much more common and the WTO has become a forum which regulates trade dispute settlements rather than improving free trade. The most recent WTO Round which took place in Doha began in 2001 and its fate is still at a standstill over 17 years later . Doha touches on around twenty aspects of trade and is meant to further lower tariffs and ameliorate the trade concerns of developing countries. [1] However, countries around the world finished Doha talks after fourteen years due to the fact that developed countries refused to give into the demands of developing countries and vice versa. [2] During the difficulties of Doha, countries seemed more inclined to participate in PTAs as seen by how 100 out of 200 plus regional and bilateral agreements were formed between countries during the seven years of negotiations before Doha’s suspension and then ultimate demise. [3] If the sheer volume of these treaties is not convincing enough, their market share is even more astounding as they account for around 60% of world trade (including the European Union). [4] Although countries now aggressively pursue PTAs as a means of increasing free trade, there is currently broad disagreement over the effects of PTAs on balance-of-trade estimates, multilateral negotiations, and social issues such as the environment and labor practices, in addition to global diplomacy and power relations at large.
  • Comparing Health Market Insurance Plans
    Since the implementation of the Affordable Health Care Act (ACA), many people who did not have access to health insurance through their employer, or qualify for  government programs are now able to receive health coverage. However, what is not taken into consideration is that one has to pay a great sum of money for health insurance before coverage occurs. Additionally, the issues that are now presented for ACA insurance holders are the lack of choices in hospitals, doctors, and non-network medical care. Daniel Polsky, who is an economist at the University of Pennsylvania indicates those that “have the most to lose from having a narrow-network plan are those who have something unexpected happen to them”.
  • President Donald Trump said Monday that he is planning to sign an executive order that would end the practice of bestowing...
    Through an executive order, Trump intends to regulate 14th amendment rights; Treasury Department reveals that national debt is climbing past $1 trillion; Case-Shiller Index indicates a slowing of housing cost gains. 
  • Image: Highway Flooding, Source: Flickr
    Scientists and researchers agree: ocean levels are rising as ice from the polar caps melts. Rising sea levels will affect major cities within the United States in the next half-century, many of which are already struggling with infrastructure problems. Rising tides are expected to put parts of South Florida, New Orleans, and many other metropolitan areas underwater, especially San Francisco. As tides already brush up against roads and freeways in the region, Bay Area infrastructure is prone to flooding, with two major arteries experiencing seasonal flooding: California State Route 37 (SR 37) in the North Bay between Vallejo and Sonoma County, and Interstate 80 in the East Bay north of Berkeley. Furthermore, San Francisco International Airport, surrounding areas in San Mateo County and Treasure Island are at risk.
  • The state of California on Friday agreed not to enforce its own state net neutrality law until a final court decision on t...
    In light of ensuring court trails, California delays net neutrality enforcement; Leading GOP Lawmaker indicates that middle class tax cut most likely to be upheld until 2019; Metrics indicate a surge in personal consumption expenditures. 
  • Partnership for Public Service
    Two representatives from the Partnership for Public Service, a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization based in Washington DC, shared their expertise with Penn students to help prepare them for applying for government internships and jobs. The Partnership strives to revitalize the federal government by transforming the way government works and inspiring a new generation to serve.
  • Image: Factory workers assembling forklifts, Source: Flickr
    The United States is on the cusp of a technological revolution. Innovation within our borders is accelerating at a break-neck pace, and companies are about to roll out a myriad of new tech over the next decade.[1] Research and development in artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, drones, and fully-automated assembly lines have the potential to boost the productivity of the United States, improve the quality of living for countless Americans, and fundamentally change the way the global economy functions. However, this economic change will also fundamentally restructure our labor markets.
  • Erica Payne of the Patriotic Millionaires
    The Patriotic Millionaires are a group of 200+ high-net-worth individuals who focus on promoting public policy solutions that encourage political equality, guarantee a sustaining wage for working Americans, and ensure that the wealthiest individuals and corporations pay their fair share of taxes. On October 23rd, Tuesday, Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative hosted Morris Pearl, Chair of the Patriotic Millionaires, and Erica Payne, Democratic strategist and President of the Patriotic Millionaires.
  • Photo source: http://www.pewinternet.org/2017/10/04/americans-attitudes-toward-a-future-in-which-robots-and-computers-can-...
    Accreditation provides a vital role in allocating federal student aid to postsecondary institutions of higher education (IHEs). As gatekeepers of the Higher Education Act’s (HEA) Title IV funds, accrediting agencies are expected to be “reliable authorities on the quality of education being offered.”[1] For this reason, the United States Department of Education’s (ED) use of accreditation facilitates its decision-making on which IHEs receive funds. However, with more than $14 trillion in outstanding federal student loan debt, the accreditation process has come under scrutiny.[2]

 

PENN WHARTON PPI
RESOURCE SPOTLIGHT:

  • <h3>USDA Nutrition Assistance Data</h3><p><img width="180" height="124" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/180/height/124/485_usda_logo.rev.1407789238.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image485 lw_align_right" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/180/height/124/485_usda_logo.rev.1407789238.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/180/height/124/485_usda_logo.rev.1407789238.jpg 3x" data-max-w="1233" data-max-h="850"/>Data and research regarding the following <strong>USDA Nutrition Assistance</strong> programs are available through this site:</p><ul><li>Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) </li><li>Food Distribution Programs </li><li>School Meals </li><li>Women, Infants and Children </li></ul><p> Quick link: <a href="http://www.fns.usda.gov/data-and-statistics" target="_blank">http://www.fns.usda.gov/data-and-statistics</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>HUD State of the Cities Data Systems</h3><p><strong><img width="200" height="200" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/200/height/200/482_hud_logo.rev.1407788472.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image482 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/200/height/200/482_hud_logo.rev.1407788472.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/200/height/200/482_hud_logo.rev.1407788472.jpg 3x" data-max-w="612" data-max-h="613"/>The SOCDS provides data for individual Metropolitan Areas, Central Cities, and Suburbs.</strong> It is a portal for non-national data made available through a number of outside institutions (e.g. Census, BLS, FBI and others).</p><p> Quick link: <a href="http://www.huduser.org/portal/datasets/socds.html" target="_blank">http://www.huduser.org/portal/datasets/socds.html</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>National Center for Education Statistics</h3><p><strong><img width="400" height="80" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/400/height/80/479_nces.rev.1407787656.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image479 lw_align_right" data-max-w="400" data-max-h="80"/>The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education in the U.S. and other nations.</strong> NCES is located within the U.S. Department of Education and the Institute of Education Sciences. NCES has an extensive Statistical Standards Program that consults and advises on methodological and statistical aspects involved in the design, collection, and analysis of data collections in the Center. To learn more about the NCES, <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/about/" target="_blank">click here</a>.</p><p> Quick link to NCES Data Tools: <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/datatools/index.asp?DataToolSectionID=4" target="_blank">http://nces.ed.gov/datatools/index.asp?DataToolSectionID=4</a></p><p> Quick link to Quick Tables and Figures: <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/quicktables/" target="_blank">http://nces.ed.gov/quicktables/</a></p><p> Quick link to NCES Fast Facts (Note: The primary purpose of the Fast Facts website is to provide users with concise information on a range of educational issues, from early childhood to adult learning.): <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/" target="_blank">http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/#</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>Congressional Budget Office</h3><p><img width="180" height="180" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/180/height/180/380_cbo-logo.rev.1406822035.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image380 lw_align_right" data-max-w="180" data-max-h="180"/>Since its founding in 1974, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has produced independent analyses of budgetary and economic issues to support the Congressional budget process.</p><p> The agency is strictly nonpartisan and conducts objective, impartial analysis, which is evident in each of the dozens of reports and hundreds of cost estimates that its economists and policy analysts produce each year. CBO does not make policy recommendations, and each report and cost estimate discloses the agency’s assumptions and methodologies. <strong>CBO provides budgetary and economic information in a variety of ways and at various points in the legislative process.</strong> Products include baseline budget projections and economic forecasts, analysis of the President’s budget, cost estimates, analysis of federal mandates, working papers, and more.</p><p> Quick link to Products page: <a href="http://www.cbo.gov/about/our-products" target="_blank">http://www.cbo.gov/about/our-products</a></p><p> Quick link to Topics: <a href="http://www.cbo.gov/topics" target="_blank">http://www.cbo.gov/topics</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>The Penn World Table</h3><p> The Penn World Table provides purchasing power parity and national income accounts converted to international prices for 189 countries/territories for some or all of the years 1950-2010.</p><p><a href="https://pwt.sas.upenn.edu/php_site/pwt71/pwt71_form.php" target="_blank">Quick link.</a> </p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>National Bureau of Economic Research (Public Use Data Archive)</h3><p><img width="180" height="43" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/180/height/43/478_nber.rev.1407530465.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image478 lw_align_right" data-max-w="329" data-max-h="79"/>Founded in 1920, the <strong>National Bureau of Economic Research</strong> is a private, nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization dedicated to promoting a greater understanding of how the economy works. The NBER is committed to undertaking and disseminating unbiased economic research among public policymakers, business professionals, and the academic community.</p><p> Quick Link to <strong>Public Use Data Archive</strong>: <a href="http://www.nber.org/data/" target="_blank">http://www.nber.org/data/</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>Federal Aviation Administration: Accident & Incident Data</h3><p><img width="100" height="100" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/100/height/100/80_faa-logo.rev.1402681347.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image80 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/100/height/100/80_faa-logo.rev.1402681347.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/100/height/100/80_faa-logo.rev.1402681347.jpg 3x" data-max-w="550" data-max-h="550"/>The NTSB issues an accident report following each investigation. These reports are available online for reports issued since 1996, with older reports coming online soon. The reports listing is sortable by the event date, report date, city, and state.</p><p> Quick link: <a href="http://www.faa.gov/data_research/accident_incident/" target="_blank">http://www.faa.gov/data_research/accident_incident/</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>The World Bank Data (U.S.)</h3><p><img width="130" height="118" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/130/height/118/484_world-bank-logo.rev.1407788945.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image484 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/130/height/118/484_world-bank-logo.rev.1407788945.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/130/height/118/484_world-bank-logo.rev.1407788945.jpg 3x" data-max-w="1406" data-max-h="1275"/>The <strong>World Bank</strong> provides World Development Indicators, Surveys, and data on Finances and Climate Change.</p><p> Quick link: <a href="http://data.worldbank.org/country/united-states" target="_blank">http://data.worldbank.org/country/united-states</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>NOAA National Climatic Data Center</h3><p><img width="200" height="198" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/200/height/198/483_noaa_logo.rev.1407788692.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image483 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/200/height/198/483_noaa_logo.rev.1407788692.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/200/height/198/483_noaa_logo.rev.1407788692.jpg 3x" data-max-w="954" data-max-h="945"/>NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) is responsible for preserving, monitoring, assessing, and providing public access to the Nation’s treasure of <strong>climate and historical weather data and information</strong>.</p><p> Quick link to home page: <a href="http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/" target="_blank">http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/</a></p><p> Quick link to NCDC’s climate and weather datasets, products, and various web pages and resources: <a href="http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/quick-links" target="_blank">http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/quick-links</a></p><p> Quick link to Text & Map Search: <a href="http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/" target="_blank">http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED®)</h3><p><strong><img width="180" height="79" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/180/height/79/481_fred-logo.rev.1407788243.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image481 lw_align_right" data-max-w="222" data-max-h="97"/>An online database consisting of more than 72,000 economic data time series from 54 national, international, public, and private sources.</strong> FRED®, created and maintained by Research Department at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, goes far beyond simply providing data: It combines data with a powerful mix of tools that help the user understand, interact with, display, and disseminate the data.</p><p> Quick link to data page: <a href="http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/tags/series" target="_blank">http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/tags/series</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>MapStats</h3><p> A feature of FedStats, MapStats allows users to search for <strong>state, county, city, congressional district, or Federal judicial district data</strong> (demographic, economic, and geographic).</p><p> Quick link: <a href="http://www.fedstats.gov/mapstats/" target="_blank">http://www.fedstats.gov/mapstats/</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>Internal Revenue Service: Tax Statistics</h3><p><img width="155" height="200" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/155/height/200/486_irs_logo.rev.1407789424.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image486 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/155/height/200/486_irs_logo.rev.1407789424.jpg 2x" data-max-w="463" data-max-h="596"/>Find statistics on business tax, individual tax, charitable and exempt organizations, IRS operations and budget, and income (SOI), as well as statistics by form, products, publications, papers, and other IRS data.</p><p> Quick link to <strong>Tax Statistics, where you will find a wide range of tables, articles, and data</strong> that describe and measure elements of the U.S. tax system: <a href="http://www.irs.gov/uac/Tax-Stats-2" target="_blank">http://www.irs.gov/uac/Tax-Stats-2</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>