Items tagged with tax:
News & Updates:
The House passed legislation designed to improve access to medically assisted treatment (MAT) and other provisions to address the opioid crisis; Sales tax ruling set to increase state budgets at the expense of e-commerce; Second iteration of the farm bill passes through the House of Representatives; The Leading Economic Index grew 0.2% in the month of May, following a 0.4% increase in April.
The White House proposes to combine the departments of Education and Labor in order to reduce the federal workforce; The Supreme Court overturns rule that barred states from requiring businesses with no physical presence in the state to collect their sales tax; A federal district judge ruled that the structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau was unconstitutional; U.S. Jobless claims fall in May.
Seattle political leaders signaled they would reverse course and repeal a new tax on big businesses; AT&T and Justice Department await a ruling on the proposed purchase of DirecTV; The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.2 percent in May.
The alternative minimum tax (AMT), originally enacted in 1969, was intended to ensure that the highest earners paid some tax. According to research by Professor Shuldiner, a majority of taxpayers will no longer owe AMT under the new tax plan. “Under the prior AMT rules, the regular tax was very close to the alternative tax over long stretches of income, so fairly small amounts of some breaks could trigger the AMT.” Under the new plan, a married couple with income between $270,000 and $500,000 would need about $40,000 of tax breaks subject to the AMT, double the deductions that would have triggered AMT in 2017, to owe this year.
Faculty Affiliate Professor Siegel reflects on the quality of the earning season and what that now means for valuations by drawing attention to the positive impact of the corporate tax cuts. Professor Siegel, however, also cautions listeners to consider the tightness of our current labor market when examining how the market must contend with jobless claim and new job trends.
American Petroleum Institute: Motor Fuel Taxes
The American Petroleum Institute (API) is the only national trade association that represents all aspects of America’s oil and natural gas industry. Here is a summary report on gasoline and diesel taxes. This report is updated quarterly. API collects motor fuel tax information for all 50 states and compiles a report and chart detailing changes and calculating a nationwide average.
Government Accountability Office: Tax Policy and Administration
The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent, nonpartisan agency that works for Congress. Often called the “congressional watchdog,” GAO investigates how the federal government spends taxpayer dollars. GAO supports congressional oversight by:
• auditing agency operations to determine whether federal funds are being spent efficiently and effectively;
• investigating allegations of illegal and improper activities;
• reporting on how well government programs and policies are meeting their objectives;
• performing policy analyses and outlining options for congressional consideration; and
• issuing legal decisions and opinions, such as bid protest rulings and reports on agency rules.
Quick link to Tax Policy and Administration Reports: http://www.gao.gov/browse/topic/Tax_Policy_and_Administration
Internal Revenue Service: Tax Statistics
Find statistics on business tax, individual tax, charitable and exempt organizations, IRS operations and budget, and income (SOI), as well as statistics by form, products, publications, papers, and other IRS data.
Quick link to Tax Statistics, where you will find a wide range of tables, articles, and data that describe and measure elements of the U.S. tax system: http://www.irs.gov/uac/Tax-Stats-2
Sales Tax Institute
Quick link to Resources page where you can find updated (and some historical) information regarding sales tax rates by state, sales tax holidays, sales tax amnesty programs: http://www.salestaxinstitute.com/resources
Tax Policy Center
The Tax Policy Center is a joint venture of the Urban Institute and Brookings Institution. The Center is made up of nationally recognized experts in tax, budget, and social policy who have served at the highest levels of government.
The Tax Policy Center estimates the revenue and distributional impact of tax proposals using a state-of-the-art microsimulation model of the federal tax system. Our searchable database includes distribution tables that show how proposals alter tax liabilities and after-tax income, by dollar income class and by percentiles of the income distribution. We also periodically estimate the distribution of various federal taxes under current law, show how recent tax changes have altered that distribution, and examine other important issues such as the impact of the individual alternative minimum tax (AMT) and the distribution of the estate tax under current law and alternative policy options.
Quick link to TPC’s Tax Model: http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/numbers/index.cfm