Items tagged with environment:
News & Updates:
Poor sections of Kensington/Allegheny, the Southwest, and North Philly experienced the most significant decrease in crime when the conditions of lots improved, said coauthor John MacDonald, a University of Pennsylvania professor of criminology and sociology.
Macdonald said the findings carry powerful implications for Philly and other cities struggling with abandonment and crime. The research quantifies the public health and safety payoff that comes when blighted lots are cleaned up.
What are the biggest risks that individuals, businesses and governments face in the year ahead, and beyond? According to the 2018 Global Risks Report, published by the World Economic Forum, the environment, cyber security and geopolitics are the areas drawing the most concern.
“The big message that came out of this report is the tremendous importance of the environment” as an area to watch, said Faculty Affiliate Howard Kunreuther, co-director of the Risk Management and Decision Processes Center. “It’s not that that wasn’t [a concern] earlier, but it certainly didn’t have as high a profile.”
EPA loosens regulatory compliance standards on air pollution; GDP grows at 2.6% annual rate in the 4th quarter of 2017; U.S. durable goods orders increase 2.9% in December, compared to 0.8% expected increase.
Faculty Affiliate Arthur van Benthem says yes, states can mitigate damage done by the federal government.
“Given the state of affairs in Washington, D.C., states should adopt their own policies to promote renewable energy and limit the emissions of greenhouse gases,” he says.
In September of 2012, California Governor Jerry Brown signed assembly Bill 685 into law, which states “that every human being has the right to safe, clean, affordable, and accessible water adequate for human consumption, cooking, and sanitary purposes” and further that all state agencies have to consider Bill 685 when “revising, adopting, or establishing policies” related to the uses of water described.” Bill 685 and other Brown water initiatives have only become more difficult to implement in the nearly 40 years since Brown took office for the first time (he also served from 1975 to 1983) as the population of California has nearly doubled in size (from 20 million to 38 million), largely in the southern part of the state. Unfortunately, most of the rain falls in the northern part of the state, which creates massive infrastructure needs for California in terms of the movement of water through aqueducts.
CDC: Environmental Health
Find data and information about the following topics: Air Pollution & Respiratory Health, Air Quality, Asbestos, Asthma, Bio-monitoring, Brownfield/Land Reuse, Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, Chemical Weapons Elimination, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention, Climate and Health, Community Exposures to Hazardous Substances, Cruise Ship Health, Environmental Health Services, Harmful Algal Bloom, Hazardous Waste Sites, Healthy Homes, Healthy Places, Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Mold, Natural Disasters & Severe Weather, National Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Registry, National Environmental Public Health Tracking, Environmental Health Topics, Newborn Screening Laboratory Bulletin, Pesticides, Radiation and Your Health, Rodent Control, Smoking & Tobacco Use, Toxic Substances, and Water
Quick link: http://www.cdc.gov/Environmental/
CTA: Energy and Environmental Policy Analysis
The Center for Transportation Analysis does specialty research and development in Energy and Environmental Policy Analysis. The Transportation Energy and Environmental Policy program conducts research and policy analysis to support the development of efficient, effective and equitable policies to achieve a sustainable transportation system. Useful Links, Resources, and Web Based Tools available on this site include:
- Fuel Economy Website
- Transportation Energy Data Book
- Transportation Research Board Committees
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
- FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program
Quick link: http://cta.ornl.gov/cta/research_energy.shtml
Quick link to Ocean, Coast, and Great Lakes Planning Data: http://www.data.gov/ocean/community/ocean/datasets
Quick link to other environmental data sources: http://www.data.gov/ocean/page/other-data-source
Discharge Monitoring Report of the EPA
The Discharge Monitoring Report (DMR) Pollutant Loading Tool is a new tool designed to help you determine who is discharging, what pollutants they are discharging and how much, and where they are discharging. The tool calculates pollutant loadings from permit and DMR data from EPA‘s Permit Compliance System (PCS) and Integrated Compliance Information System for the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (ICIS-NPDES). Data is available for the years 2007 through 2011. Pollutant loadings are presented as pounds per year and as toxic-weighted pounds per year to account for variations in toxicity among pollutants. The tool ranks dischargers, industries, and watersheds based on pollutant mass and toxicity, and presents “top ten” lists to help you determine which discharges are important, which facilities and industries are producing these discharges, and which watersheds are impacted.
The tool also includes wastewater pollutant discharge data from EPA’s Toxics Release Inventory (TRI). Data is available for the years 2007 through 2011. Users can search TRI data to find the facilities with the largest pollutant discharges to surface waters or sewage treatment plants (a.k.a. Publicly-Owned Treatment Works – “POTWs”). Users can also compare the DMR data search results against TRI data search results and vice versa. The tool clearly labels the source of data when displaying search results but does not mix TRI or DMR data when calculating pollutant discharges.
Quick link: http://cfpub.epa.gov/dmr/
Eco-driving Index (Univ. of Michigan)
The University of Michigan Eco-Driving Index (EDI) is a national index that estimates the average monthly amount of greenhouse gases produced by an individual U.S. driver who has purchased a new vehicle that month. The amount of greenhouse gases emitted when using internal-combustion engines depends on the amount of fuel used. The EDI estimates the amount of fuel used (and thus the amount of greenhouse gases emitted) by taking into account two primary variables: the fuel economy of the vehicle and the distance driven. Index data goes back to October 2007.
Quick link: http://www.umich.edu/~umtriswt/ecodriving.html