Cary Coglianese is the Edward B. Shils Professor of Law and Professor of Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania, where he currently serves as the director of the Penn Program on Regulation and has served as the law school’s Deputy Dean for Academic Affairs. He specializes in the study of regulation and regulatory processes, with an emphasis on the empirical evaluation of alternative regulatory strategies and the role of public participation, negotiation, and business-government relations in policy making.
A co-chair of the American Bar Association’s administrative law section committee on e-government and past co-chair of its committee on rulemaking, he has led a National Science Foundation initiative on e-rulemaking, served on the ABA’s task force on improving Regulations.Gov, and chaired a task force on transparency and public participation in the regulatory process that offered a blueprint to the Obama Administration on open government. He has served as a consultant to the Administrative Conference of the United States, Environment Canada, the U.S. Department of Transportation, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
- administrative law
- environmental regulation
- executive branch and federal agencies
- government litigation
- public policy analysis
- regulatory policymaking
- transparency and open government
Increasingly, and particularly in response to the recent economic downturn, policy makers have pointed to regulation as a “job killer” and have called for regulatory reform to promote job creation and economic recovery. The empirical research, although limited, reveals a more complex relationship between regulation and jobs, and fails to support the notion that regulation is either a major job killer or a significant job creator. U.S. policy makers should not expect that the nation’s economic woes can be solved by reforming the regulatory process.
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Professor Coglianese testified before a U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Oversight, Federal Rights, and Agency Action on November 7, 2013 in the hearing entitled “Justice Denied: Rules Delayed on Auto Safety and Mental Health.” (PDF) He was invited to testify on trends in rulemaking by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Although it is generally believed that judicial review has caused the NHTSA to abandon rulemaking and shift instead to issuing individual recalls on defective automobiles, Professor Coglianese testified that these claims are unfounded. He urged lawmakers to consider other explanations before making any policy decisions.
On September 8, 2016, Professor Coglianese testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs Subcommittee on Regulatory Affairs and Federal Management. The hearing titled, “Reviewing Independent Agency Rulemaking” looked at “how independent regulatory agencies could improve their regulatory processes through quality analysis of the rules they propose, compliance with applicable statutory requirements, retrospective review efforts, and potential improvements that could be implemented to improve the overall independent agency regulatory process.” A PDF of Professor Coglianese’s testimony is available here.
Recent News Stories
The White House recently released a report highlighting the administration’s accomplishments in open government and transparency. Among these accomplishments were recommendations developed by the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS) based on research conducted by Penn Law professor Cary Coglianese. An interview with Professor Coglianese about the report is available on the Penn Law website.