U.S. Fiscal Policy
Federal Budget Offices
Congressional Budget Office
Since its founding in 1974, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has produced independent analyses of budgetary and economic issues to support the Congressional budget process.
The agency is strictly nonpartisan and conducts objective, impartial analysis, which is evident in each of the dozens of reports and hundreds of cost estimates that its economists and policy analysts produce each year. CBO does not make policy recommendations, and each report and cost estimate discloses the agency’s assumptions and methodologies. CBO provides budgetary and economic information in a variety of ways and at various points in the legislative process. Products include baseline budget projections and economic forecasts, analysis of the President’s budget, cost estimates, analysis of federal mandates, working papers, and more.
Quick link to Products page: http://www.cbo.gov/about/our-products
Quick link to Topics: http://www.cbo.gov/topics
Office of Management and Budget
As the implementation and enforcement arm of Presidential policy government-wide, OMB carries out its mission through five critical processes that are essential to the President’s ability to plan and implement his priorities across the Executive Branch:
- Budget development and execution, a significant government-wide process managed from the Executive Office of the President and a mechanism by which a President implements decisions, policies, priorities, and actions in all areas (from economic recovery to health care to energy policy to national security);
- Management — oversight of agency performance, Federal procurement, financial management, and information/IT (including paperwork reduction, privacy, and security);
- Coordination and review of all significant Federal regulations by executive agencies, to reflect Presidential priorities and to ensure that economic and other impacts are assessed as part of regulatory decision-making, along with review and assessment of information collection requests;
- Legislative clearance and coordination (review and clearance of all agency communications with Congress, including testimony and draft bills) to ensure consistency of agency legislative views and proposals with Presidential policy; and
- Executive Orders and Presidential Memoranda to agency heads and officials, the mechanisms by which the President directs specific government-wide actions by Executive Branch officials.
- Quick link to current budget: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/Overview
- Quick link to historical budgets: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionGPO.action?collectionCode=BUDGET
- Quick link to “About OMB”: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/organization_mission/
CDC: Emergency Preparedness & Response
The CDC Emergency Preparedness and Response website is CDC’s primary source of information and resources for preparing for and responding to public health emergencies.
This site continues to keep the public informed about public health emergencies and provides the information needed to protect and save lives
Quick link: http://emergency.cdc.gov/
CDC: Office of Health Preparedness & Response
CDC’s Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response leads the agency’s preparedness and response activities by providing strategic direction, support, and coordination between local, state, tribal, national, territorial, and international public health partners.
CDC provides funding and technical assistance to states to build and strengthen public health capabilities. Ensuring that states can adequately respond to threats will result in greater health security; a critical component of overall U.S. national security.
Quick link: http://www.cdc.gov/phpr/
Federal Aviation Administration: Accident & Incident Data
The NTSB issues an accident report following each investigation. These reports are available online for reports issued since 1996, with older reports coming online soon. The reports listing is sortable by the event date, report date, city, and state.
Federal Bureau of Investigation: Crime & Terrorism Statistics
Quick link to Reports and Publications where you can find information and data about the topics listed below:
- Terrorism Reports (current and historical)
- List of Foreign Terrorist Organizations, U.S. Department of State
- Internet Crime Reports
- Financial Crimes Report to the Public
- Financial Institution Fraud and Failure Reports
- Mortgage Fraud Reports
- Bank Crime Reports
- Campus Attacks
- Crime in Schools and Colleges Data
- FBI Laboratory Annual Report
- National Instant Criminal Background Check System Operations Report
- Regional Computer Forensics Laboratory Program Annual Reports
- Uniform Crime Reports: Crime in the United States
- Uniform Crime Reports: Hate Crime Statistics
- Uniform Crime Reports: Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
FEMA’s mission is to support citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from and mitigate all hazards.
To view historical disasters by state, see: http://www.fema.gov/states
National Counterterrorism Center
NCTC is the U.S. government’s central and shared knowledge bank on international terrorism and, in this capacity, NCTC provides the Department of State with statistical information to assist it in completing the annual Country Reports on Terrorism (CRT).
NCTC maintains its statistical information on the U.S. government’s authoritative and unclassified database on terrorist acts, the Worldwide Incidents Tracking System (WITS).
Quick link to recent statistics: http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/2011/195555.htm
Quick link to historical statistics: http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/index.htm
National Earthquake Information Center
The mission of the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) is to determine rapidly the location and size of all destructive earthquakes worldwide - and to immediately disseminate this information to concerned national and international agencies, scientists, and the general public.
The NEIC compiles and maintains an extensive, global seismic database on earthquake parameters and their effects that serves as a solid foundation for basic and applied earth science research.
Quick link to Earthquake Data: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/neic/
National Weather Service
The National Weather Service is a component of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). NOAA is an Operating Unit of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Our mission is to provide weather, water, and climate data, forecasts and warnings for the protection of life and property and enhancement of the national economy.
Home page: http://www.weather.gov/
CBO: Veterans’ Issues
Federal programs to support veterans received about $120 billion in funding in 2012. That funding covers a wide array of services, including pensions, health care, education benefits, life insurance programs, compensation for injuries, and home loans. CBO analyzes the budgetary and broader impacts of those services and of proposals to change those services.
Quick link: http://www.cbo.gov/topics/veterans-issues
Defense Science Board
The Defense Science Board provides the Secretary of Defense, the Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and as requested, other Office of the Secretary of Defense Principal Staff Assistants, the Secretaries of the Military Departments, and the Commanders of the Combatant Commands, independent advice and recommendations on science, technology, manufacturing, acquisition process, and other matters of special interest to the DoD. The Board is not established to advise on individual DoD procurements, but instead shall be concerned with the pressing and complex technology problems facing the Department in such areas as research, engineering, and manufacturing, and will ensure the identification of new technologies and new applications of technology in those areas to strengthen national security.
Quick link DSB’s Reports (organized by decade): http://www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports2010s.htm
DoD Personnel & Procurement Statistics
View statistics on:
- Military Personnel
- Civilian Personnel
- Military Casualty Information
- Military Admirals and Generals
- Historical Data and Publications regarding military procurement
- Glossary of DoD Work Force Terms
Quick link: http://www.defense.gov/registeredsites/RegisteredSites.aspx?s=M, then choose “Department of Defense Personnel & Procurement Statistics” under “Manpower”
U.S. Department of Defense
The mission of Defense.gov is to support the overall mission of the Department of Defense by providing official, timely and accurate information about defense policies, organizations, functions and operations. Also, Defense.gov is the single, unified starting point for finding military information online.
Quick link: http://www.defense.gov/
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: NCVAS
The National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics (NCVAS) supports planning, analysis, and decision-making activities through the collection, validation, analysis, and dissemination of key statistics on Veteran population and VA programs. Data and statistics are available on Veteran population, expenditures, and utilization. Additionally, the NCVAS has provided access to reports, surveys and maps (of Veteran dispersion) as further resources.
Quick link: http://www.va.gov/vetdata/index.asp
Alliance for Excellent Education
The Alliance for Excellent Education is a Washington, DC–based national policy and advocacy organization dedicated to ensuring that all students, particularly those who are traditionally underserved, graduate from high school ready for success in college, work, and citizenship. The Alliance works to encourage the development and implementation of federal and national policies that support effective high school reform and increased student achievement and attainment. It works to synthesize and distribute research and information about promising practices that enlightens the national debate about education policies and options. The Alliance provides sound, objective, nonpartisan advice that informs decisions about policy creation and implementation.
Quick link to All4Ed’s State and National Data page: http://all4ed.org/state-data/national/
ED Data Express
ED Data Express is a Web site designed to improve the public’s ability to access and explore high-value state-level education data collected by the U.S. Department of Education. The site is designed to be interactive and to present the data in a clear, easy-to-use manner, with options to download information into Excel or manipulate the data within the Web site. The site currently includes data from EDFacts, Consolidated State Performance Reports (CSPR), State Accountability Workbooks, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP), the College Board, and the Department’s Budget Service office.
ED Data Express home page: http://www.eddataexpress.ed.gov/
NAEP: Nation’s Report Card
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is the largest nationally representative and continuing assessment of what America’s students know and can do in various subject areas. Assessments are conducted periodically in mathematics, reading, science, writing, the arts, civics, economics, geography, U.S. history, and beginning in 2014, in Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL). To learn more about the NAEP, see: http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/about/
The Nation’s Report Card (TM) informs the public about the academic achievement of elementary and secondary students in the United States. Report cards communicate the findings of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), a continuing and nationally representative measure of achievement in various subjects over time.
Quick link to The Nation’s Report Card (TM): http://nationsreportcard.gov/about.aspx
Quick link to NAEP Website Tools and Applications: http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/about/naeptools.asp
National Center for Education Statistics
The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education in the U.S. and other nations. NCES is located within the U.S. Department of Education and the Institute of Education Sciences. NCES has an extensive Statistical Standards Program that consults and advises on methodological and statistical aspects involved in the design, collection, and analysis of data collections in the Center. To learn more about the NCES, click here.
Quick link to NCES Data Tools: http://nces.ed.gov/datatools/index.asp?DataToolSectionID=4
Quick link to Quick Tables and Figures: http://nces.ed.gov/quicktables/
Quick link to NCES Fast Facts (Note: The primary purpose of the Fast Facts website is to provide users with concise information on a range of educational issues, from early childhood to adult learning.): http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/#
U.S. Census Bureau: Educational Attainment Data (SIPP)
The Survey of Income and Program Participation collects information about respondent’s highest level of school completed or degree received, school enrollment, job training, courses or programs studied, school costs and financing, and dates of receipt of high school and postsecondary degrees or diplomas for persons 15 years of age and older. Estimates are available at the national level. The SIPP includes a topical module on field of training, asked of each panel since 1984.
Quick link to additional education data available from the U.S. Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/index.html
U.S. Department of Education
ED’s mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access. It seeks to do this by:
- Establishing policies on federal financial aid for education, and distributing as well as monitoring those funds.
- Collecting data on America’s schools and disseminating research.
- Focusing national attention on key educational issues.
- Prohibiting discrimination and ensuring equal access to education.
Quick link to Budget, Strategic Plan, Performance and Accountability Plans, and More: http://www2.ed.gov/about/overview/focus/performance.html
Quick link to Education Dashboard: http://dashboard.ed.gov/dashboard.aspx
Quick link to Policy and Program Studies Service (PPSS), which focuses on education policy analysis and evaluation of programs: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/opepd/ppss/index.html
American Wind Energy Association
AWEA prepares fact sheets on a variety of wind energy-related topics for educational purposes. The fact sheets are available in PDF format and may be downloaded for using the links below.
• Wind Energy Basics: AWEA’s wind energy basics fact sheets provide an overview of the wind industry as a whole, how the electric grid operates, and wind energy’s interaction with the environment.
• State Fact Sheets: AWEA’s state fact sheets provide information on the wind industry’s presence and potential to grow in each U.S. state.
• Federal Wind Energy Policy Fact Sheets: AWEA’s federal wind energy policy fact sheets provide an overview of issues that are pertinent to discussions and debates at the federal government level.
• Manufacturing Fact Sheets: AWEA’s manufacturing fact sheets provide an overview of the manufacturing aspects of the wind energy industry.
Quick link to Fact Sheets portal: http://www.awea.org/Resources/Content.aspx?ItemNumber=873&navItemNumber=588
Quick link to main Statistics page: http://www.awea.org/learnabout/industry_stats/index.cfm
Biomass Energy Data Book
The Department of Energy, through the Biomass Program in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, has contracted with Oak Ridge National Laboratory to prepare this Biomass Energy Data Book. The purpose of this data book is to draw together, under one cover, biomass data from diverse sources to produce a comprehensive document that supports anyone with an interest or stake in the biomass industry. Given the increasing demand for energy, policymakers and analysts need to be well-informed about current biomass energy production activity and the potential contribution biomass resources and technologies can make toward meeting the nation’s energy demands.
Databases available on the site include:
- Introduction to Biomass
Quick link: http://cta.ornl.gov/bedb/index.shtml
Buildings Energy Data Book
The Data Book includes statistics on residential and commercial building energy consumption. Data tables contain statistics related to construction, building technologies, energy consumption, and building characteristics.
The Building Technologies Program within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy developed this resource to provide a current and accurate set of comprehensive buildings- and energy-related data. The Data Book is an evolving document and is updated periodically. Each data table is presented in HTML, Microsoft Excel, and PDF formats.
Quick link: http://buildingsdatabook.eren.doe.gov/
CME Group: Energy Products
CME Group serves the risk management needs of customers around the globe by providing the widest range of benchmark futures and options products available on any exchange, covering all major asset classes.
Quick link: http://www.cmegroup.com/trading/energy/
Data and insight are combined on Energy.data.gov to facilitate public discussion and awareness of our Nation’s energy activities. Whether you are interested in alternative fuels, managing buildings to be more energy efficient, or trying to manage energy in your own home, this site has something for you.
Quick link to Energy Data and Tools: http://www.data.gov/energy/community/energy/datasets
DoD Energy Management Reports
DoD provides an annual facilities energy management report detailing its energy goals, plans to meet those goals, and progress to date.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) focuses on creative answers to today’s energy challenges. From fundamental science and energy analysis to validating new products for the commercial market, NREL researchers are dedicated to transforming the way the world uses energy. Analysis at NREL aims to increase the understanding of the current and future interactions and roles of energy policies, markets, resources, technologies, environmental impacts, and infrastructure. NREL analysis, data, and tools inform decisions as energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies advance from concept to commercial application.
Quick link to Analysis, Models & Tools, and Data & Resources page: http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/
Quick link to the Renewable Energy Data Book: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy13osti/54909.pdf
Quick link to the Power Technologies Energy Data Book, which contains a wide selection of data and statistics on renewable energy power technologies from a variety of sources: http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/power_databook/
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Chapter 2 - Technology Profiles
Chapter 3 - Electricity Restructuring
Chapter 4 - Forecasts/Comparisons
Chapter 5 - Electricity Supply
Chapter 6 - Electricity Capability
Chapter 7 - Electricity Generation
Chapter 8 - Electricity Demand
Chapter 9 - Prices
Chapter 10 - Economic Indicators
Chapter 11 - Environmental Indicators
Chapter 12 - Conversion Factors
Chapter 13 - Geographic Information System (GIS) Maps
The mission of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is to coordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its Member Countries and ensure the stabilization of oil markets in order to secure an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consumers, a steady income to producers and a fair return on capital for those investing in the petroleum industry.
Directly on the home page, you can view:
- Oil Market Report
- OPEC Bulletin
- World Oil Outlook
- Annual Statistical Bulletin
- OPEC Long-Term Strategy
Quick link to home page: http://www.opec.org/opec_web/en/index.htm
On the Data/Graphs page, you can view data on:
- OPEC Basket Price
- OPEC Upstream Investment
- OPEC Downstream Capacity
- Taxes on Oil
- OPEC Oil Reserves
- Market Indicators
- OPEC Production Allocations Home Data / Graphs OPEC Basket Price
Quick link to Data/Graphs: http://www.opec.org/opec_web/en/data_graphs/40.htm
OpenEI continues to strive to be a global leader in open-data source for energy information–specifically analyses on renewable energy and energy efficiency. The platform is a Wiki, similar to Wikipedia’s Wiki, which many users are already familiar with. Users can view, edit, and add data – and download data for free. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed OpenEI and VIBE with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
Quick link to the Home Page where you can find links to data on the topics below: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Main_Page
- smart grid
Quick link to Browse Data by Region: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Browse_By_Region
Quick link to Electric Utility Rates: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities. The Utilities Gateway houses OpenEI’s free, community-editable utility rate repository. OpenEI users may browse, edit and add new electric utility rates to OpenEI’s repository. EIA provides the authoritative list of utility companies in the United States, and thus OpenEI limits utility rates to companies listed by EIA.
Transportation Energy Data Book
In January 1976, the Transportation Energy Conservation (TEC) Division of the Energy Research and Development Administration contracted with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to prepare a Transportation Energy Conservation Data Book to be used by TEC staff in their evaluation of current and proposed conservation strategies. The major purposes of the Data Book were to draw together, under one cover, transportation data from diverse sources, to resolve data conflicts and inconsistencies, and to produce a comprehensive document. Policymakers and analysts need to be well-informed about activity in the transportation sector. The organization and scope of the data book reflect the need for different kinds of information. For this reason, Edition 31 updates much of the same type of data that is found in previous editions.
In addition to a Quick Facts page, databases available through the website include:
- All Highway Vehicles and Characteristics
- Light Vehicles and Characteristics
- Heavy Vehicles and Characteristics
- Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles and Characteristics
- Fleet Vehicles and Characteristics
- Household Vehicles and Characteristics
- Non-highway Modes
- Transportation and the Economy
- Greenhouse Gas Emissions
- Criteria Pollutants
Quick link: http://cta.ornl.gov/data/index.shtml
U.S. Department of Energy
The mission of the Energy Department is to ensure America’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions.
- Quick link to Energy Data page: http://energy.gov/data/open-energy-data
The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) accelerates development and facilitates deployment of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies and market-based solutions that strengthen U.S. energy security, environmental quality, and economic vitality. Quick link to EERE’s home page: http://www.eere.energy.gov/
- Quick link to the EERE State Summaries, which educate policymakers and the public about EERE investments and their positive impacts in individual states and across the country: http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/states/state_summaries.cfm
- Quick link to EERE’s Energy Analysis page where energy analysts and policymakers can access energy analysis products, including published analyses, energy data and maps, and analysis tools: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/analysis/
The DOE Data Explorer (DDE) is an information tool to help you locate DOE’s collections of data and non-text information and, at the same time, retrieve individual datasets within some of those collections. It includes collection citations prepared by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, as well as records for individual datasets submitted from DOE Data Centers and other organizations.
- Quick link to Data Centers for DOE Data Explorer: http://www.osti.gov/dataexplorer/content.jsp?inc=datacenters
U.S. Energy Information Administration
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment.
Quick link to Data by State and Source (directly below): http://www.eia.gov/state/
- Natural Gas
- Renewable & Alternative Fuels
- Total Energy
EIA produces the Monthly Energy Review - a publication of recent energy statistics. This publication includes total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international petroleum; carbon dioxide emissions; and data unit conversions values.
Quick link to the Monthly Energy Review: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/
CDC: Environmental Health
Find data and information about the following topics: Air Pollution & Respiratory Health, Air Quality, Asbestos, Asthma, Bio-monitoring, Brownfield/Land Reuse, Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, Chemical Weapons Elimination, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention, Climate and Health, Community Exposures to Hazardous Substances, Cruise Ship Health, Environmental Health Services, Harmful Algal Bloom, Hazardous Waste Sites, Healthy Homes, Healthy Places, Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Mold, Natural Disasters & Severe Weather, National Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Registry, National Environmental Public Health Tracking, Environmental Health Topics, Newborn Screening Laboratory Bulletin, Pesticides, Radiation and Your Health, Rodent Control, Smoking & Tobacco Use, Toxic Substances, and Water
Quick link: http://www.cdc.gov/Environmental/
CTA: Energy and Environmental Policy Analysis
The Center for Transportation Analysis does specialty research and development in Energy and Environmental Policy Analysis. The Transportation Energy and Environmental Policy program conducts research and policy analysis to support the development of efficient, effective and equitable policies to achieve a sustainable transportation system. Useful Links, Resources, and Web Based Tools available on this site include:
- Fuel Economy Website
- Transportation Energy Data Book
- Transportation Research Board Committees
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
- FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program
Quick link: http://cta.ornl.gov/cta/research_energy.shtml
Quick link to Ocean, Coast, and Great Lakes Planning Data: http://www.data.gov/ocean/community/ocean/datasets
Quick link to other environmental data sources: http://www.data.gov/ocean/page/other-data-source
Discharge Monitoring Report of the EPA
The Discharge Monitoring Report (DMR) Pollutant Loading Tool is a new tool designed to help you determine who is discharging, what pollutants they are discharging and how much, and where they are discharging. The tool calculates pollutant loadings from permit and DMR data from EPA‘s Permit Compliance System (PCS) and Integrated Compliance Information System for the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (ICIS-NPDES). Data is available for the years 2007 through 2011. Pollutant loadings are presented as pounds per year and as toxic-weighted pounds per year to account for variations in toxicity among pollutants. The tool ranks dischargers, industries, and watersheds based on pollutant mass and toxicity, and presents “top ten” lists to help you determine which discharges are important, which facilities and industries are producing these discharges, and which watersheds are impacted.
The tool also includes wastewater pollutant discharge data from EPA’s Toxics Release Inventory (TRI). Data is available for the years 2007 through 2011. Users can search TRI data to find the facilities with the largest pollutant discharges to surface waters or sewage treatment plants (a.k.a. Publicly-Owned Treatment Works – “POTWs”). Users can also compare the DMR data search results against TRI data search results and vice versa. The tool clearly labels the source of data when displaying search results but does not mix TRI or DMR data when calculating pollutant discharges.
Quick link: http://cfpub.epa.gov/dmr/
Eco-driving Index (Univ. of Michigan)
The University of Michigan Eco-Driving Index (EDI) is a national index that estimates the average monthly amount of greenhouse gases produced by an individual U.S. driver who has purchased a new vehicle that month. The amount of greenhouse gases emitted when using internal-combustion engines depends on the amount of fuel used. The EDI estimates the amount of fuel used (and thus the amount of greenhouse gases emitted) by taking into account two primary variables: the fuel economy of the vehicle and the distance driven. Index data goes back to October 2007.
Quick link: http://www.umich.edu/~umtriswt/ecodriving.html
Environmental Protection Agency: Data Finder
This site is a single place to find a vast selection of EPA data sources, organized into topics such as air and water that are in easily downloadable formats. Data Finder points to data in downloadable formats to speed up environmental research. For each data source, you can see a basic overview, including the geographic scale and other contextual information, then access the data source itself. Topics include:
- Air (Air Pollutants , Air Pollution , Air Quality , Climate Change)
- Chemicals (Dioxins)
- Cleanup Sites
- Compliance & Enforcement
- Emergencies & Accidents
- Food Safety (Fish & Wildlife Consumption)
- Health Effects & Risks (Exposure , Health Assessment , Threshold Level , Toxicity)
- Human Health Disruptors
- Life Stages & Populations (Childrens’ Health , Seniors’ Health , Workers’ Health)
- Pesticides (Fungicides , Herbicides , Insecticides)
- Pollutants & Contaminants (Air, Regulated Contaminants & Pollutants , Soil Contaminants , Unregulated Contaminants & Pollutants , Water)
- Pollution Prevention
- Radiation & Radioactive Substances
- Regulated Facilities
- Research & Analysis (Monitoring)
- Soils & Land
- Wastes (Hazardous Waste , Liquid Waste , Solid Waste)
- Water (Drinking Water , Ground Water , Surface Water , Wastewater , Water Pollution , Watersheds)
Quick link to all data topics: http://iaspub.epa.gov/enviro/datafinder.html?pType=1
Quick link to all data sources for all topics: http://iaspub.epa.gov/enviro/datafinder.html?pType=7
The mission of the GreenBiz Group is to provide clear, concise, accurate, and balanced information, resources, and learning opportunities to help companies of all sizes and sectors integrate environmental responsibility into their operations in a manner that supports profitable business practices.
Quick link to the State of Green Business Report 2013: http://www.greenbiz.com/research/report/2013/02/state-green-business-report-2013
Quick link to Research Reports: http://www.greenbiz.com/research/reports
NOAA Data on Climate.gov
Data available on the site (from the home page) includes:
- CO2 and Spring Snow Cover changes
- Sea Level
- Ocean Heat
- Sun’s Energy
- The Annual Greenhouse Gas Index
Home page: www.climate.gov
NOAA National Climatic Data Center
NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) is responsible for preserving, monitoring, assessing, and providing public access to the Nation’s treasure of climate and historical weather data and information.
Quick link to home page: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/
Quick link to NCDC’s climate and weather datasets, products, and various web pages and resources: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/quick-links
Quick link to Text & Map Search: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/
StateImpact Pennsylvania is a collaboration between WITF, WHYY and NPR. Reporters will cover the fiscal and environmental impact of Pennsylvania’s booming energy economy, with a focus on Marcellus Shale drilling.
Quick link to Pennsylvania: http://stateimpact.npr.org/pennsylvania/
StateImpact Texas is a collaboration of local public radio stations KUT Austin, KUHF Houston and NPR. Reporters travel the state to report on energy and environmental issues.
Quick link to Texas: http://stateimpact.npr.org/texas/
Transportation & Climate Change Clearinghouse
The Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse is designed as a one-stop source of information on transportation and climate change issues. It includes information on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, analytic methods and tools, GHG reduction strategies, potential impacts of climate change on transportation infrastructure, and approaches for integrating climate change considerations into transportation decision making.
Note: GHG emissions inventories are used by policy makers to understand sources of emissions, to develop strategies to reduce GHGs, and to track progress. Every year, inventories are recalculated and revised, as improvements are made in the analysis methods.
Available on the site:
• Global National Inventories and Forecasts: An overview of the U.S. greenhouse gas inventory structure, transportation emission and trends, and global and national transportation forecasts. Also, resources related to the transportation component of the national greenhouse gas inventory.
• State/Regional Inventories and Forecasts: Resources related to state greenhouse gas inventories.
• Transportation and Energy Data: Government data reports, including historical and forecast data (e.g., vehicle miles traveled, fuel consumption, fuel economy, alternative fuel use, GHG emissions) and transportation trends reports.
Quick link to GHG Inventories, Forecasts, and Transportation Data: http://climate.dot.gov/ghg-inventories-forcasts/index.html
U.S. Department of the Interior
The U.S. Department of the Interior manages one-fifth of the land in the country: 35,000 miles of coastline, and 1.76 billion acres of the Outer Continental Shelf. It also upholds the federal government’s trust responsibilities to 562 Indian tribes; conserves fish, wildlife and their habitats; manages water supplies for more than 30 million people; and protects the icons of our national heritage.
Quick link to DOI Bureaus page: http://www.doi.gov/whoweare/orgchart.cfm
U.S. Geological Survey
The USGS, a bureau of the Dept. of the Interior, is a science organization that provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the natural resources we rely on, the impacts of climate and land-use change, and the core science systems that help us provide timely, relevant, and useable information. Website sections include scientific publications, data, maps and application software on:
- Climate and Land Use Change
- Core Science Systems
- Energy and Minerals
- Environmental Health
- Natural Hazards
- Water Resources
Quick link to Home page: http://www.usgs.gov/
Quick link to Science in Your Watershed (a resource of environmental databases): http://water.usgs.gov/wsc/databases.html
*Health Insurance Exchanges Enrollee Data (October 1, 2013 - April 19, 2014)
Except where otherwise specified, this data comes from the Kaiser Family Foundation:
- State Marketplace Statistics
- Total Monthly Marketplace Enrollment
- Marketplace Enrollment as a Share of the Potential Marketplace Population
- Marketplace Enrollees by Gender
- Marketplace Enrollees by Age
- Marketplace Enrollees by Metal Level
- Marketplace Enrollees by Financial Assistance Status
- Enrollees in Federally-Facilitated Marketplaces by Race/Ethnicity
- Standalone Dental Marketplace Plan Selection
- State Medicaid Expansion (WSJ)
- State Population Data (Census)
- Licensed Physicians Data (Federation of State Medical Boards)
Agency for Health Research & Quality
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s (AHRQ) mission is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans. As 1 of 12 agencies within the Department of Health and Human Services, AHRQ supports research that helps people make more informed decisions and improves the quality of health care services.
Research Findings, Data and Statistical Tools, Reports and Publications available through AHRQ:
• Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP): Largest all-payer collection of hospital inpatient care statistical information in the United States. Includes a national database and database of states.
• State Snapshots: The State Snapshots provide state-specific health care quality information, including strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement. The goal is to help state officials and their public- and private-sector partners better understand health care quality and disparities in their state.
• Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS): Longitudinal, nationally representative survey provides timely, comprehensive information on the health status of Americans, health insurance coverage, and access, use, and cost of health services.
• United States Health Information Knowledgebase: The United States Health Information Knowledgebase (USHIK) is a metadata registry of healthcare-related data standards funded and directed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) with management support in partnership with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
Quick link: http://www.ahrq.gov/research/index.html
CDC: National Center for Health Statistics
The mission of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is to provide statistical information that will guide actions and policies to improve the health of the American people. As the Nation’s principal health statistics agency, NCHS leads the way with accurate, relevant, and timely data. NCHS Fact Sheet: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/factsheets/factsheet_overview.htm
NCHS produces data on a wide range of health indicators such as:
- Health insurance coverage and its relationship to access and utilization of health care services.
- Prevalence of health conditions such as obesity and overweight, cholesterol, hypertension, HIV status, and smoking among the U.S. population.
- Exposure to environmental chemicals.
- Nutrition and physical activity.
- Growth charts to monitor the development of children.
- Patient safety and quality including adverse effects of medical treatment.
- Injuries and disabilities and their impact on health status and functioning.
- Infant mortality, stillbirths, life expectancy, and teen births.
- Leading causes of death specific to age, race, ethnic and gender groups.
- Practice of medicine in the U.S., evolution of health information technology, changes in roles and practices of health care providers, and use of resources.
- Changes in the health care delivery system, including emergency department use and capacity, increasing use of prescription drugs, and increasing demand for community-based long term care.
Quick link to NCHS home page with links to all data resources: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/
Quick link to CDC Wonder, online databases which utilize a rich ad-hoc query system for the analysis of public health data: http://wonder.cdc.gov/
Quick link to FastStats, which provides quick access to statistics on topics of public health importance: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), previously known as the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), is a federal agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) that administers the Medicare program and works in partnership with state governments to administer Medicaid, the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), and health insurance portability standards. In addition to these programs, CMS has other responsibilities, including the administrative simplification standards from the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), quality standards in long-term care facilities (more commonly referred to as nursing homes) through its survey and certification process, and clinical laboratory quality standards under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments. Source: Wikipedia
Quick link to Research, Statistics, Data & Systems page:
To request access to CMS data:
Quick link to Data Compendium:
The CMS Data Compendium provides key statistics about CMS programs and national health expenditures. The CMS Data Compendium contains historic, current, and projected data on Medicare enrollment and Medicaid recipients, expenditures, and utilization. Data pertaining to budget, administrative and operating costs, individual income, financing, and health care providers and suppliers are also included. National health expenditure data not specific to the Medicare or Medicaid programs are also included. The CMS report was published annually in electronic form and is available for each year from 2002 through 2011. The 2011 version is the last version of this publication. Similar information is available in the Medicare and Medicaid Statistical Supplement and the CMS Statistics, which are both published annually.
Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care
For more than 20 years, the Dartmouth Atlas Project has documented glaring variations in how medical resources are distributed and used in the United States. The project uses Medicare data to provide information and analysis about national, regional, and local markets, as well as hospitals and their affiliated physicians. This research has helped policymakers, the media, health care analysts and others improve their understanding of our health care system and forms the foundation for many of the ongoing efforts to improve health and health systems across America. This web site provides access to all Atlas reports and publications, as well as interactive tools to allow visitors to view specific regions, hospitals, and topics and perform their own comparisons and analyses.
Home page: http://www.dartmouthatlas.org/
Global Health Data Exchange
The GHDx is the catalog of demographic and health data created by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is an independent global health research center at the University of Washington. The Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx) is a data catalog created and supported by IHME. Home page: http://ghdx.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/
Quick link to Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 data downloads (note: available data from this study include life expectancy results, mortality results, disability weights, results by risk factor, and results by cause): http://ghdx.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/global-burden-disease-study-2010-gbd-2010-data-downloads
Quick link to U.S.A. country profile: http://ghdx.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/geography/united-states
Health and Retirement Study
The University of Michigan Health and Retirement Study (HRS) is a longitudinal panel study that surveys a representative sample of more than 26,000 Americans over the age of 50 every two years. Supported by the National Institute on Aging and the Social Security Administration, the HRS explores the changes in labor force participation and the health transitions that individuals undergo toward the end of their work lives and in the years that follow.
Since its launch in 1992, the study has collected information about income, work, assets, pension plans, health insurance, disability, physical health and functioning, cognitive functioning, and health care expenditures. Through its unique and in-depth interviews, the HRS provides an invaluable and growing body of multidisciplinary data that researchers can use to address important questions about the challenges and opportunities of aging.
Quick link to Data Products page: http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/index.php?p=data
HealthData.gov is dedicated to making high value health data more accessible to entrepreneurs, researchers, and policy makers in the hopes of better health outcomes for all. HHS has begun “liberating” health data through the Health Data Initiative – making more and more data from HHS’ vaults (from CMS, CDC, FDA and NIH, to name a few sources) easily available and accessible to the public and to innovators across the country. This information includes clinical care provider quality information, nationwide health service provider directories, databases of the latest medical and scientific knowledge, consumer product data, community health performance information, government spending data and much more.
Quick link to Data page: http://healthdata.gov/dataset/search. Filter health data by topic, agency, sub-agency, date, collection frequency, geography, and media format.
Health Indicators Warehouse
The HIW is a collaboration of many Agencies and Offices within the Department of Health and Human Services. The HIW is maintained by the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics. Over 1,200 Indicators in the HIW are categorized by the associated levels of data by topic, by geography and by initiative. The HIW provides direct access to four health care initiatives (Community Health Status Indicators, County Health Rankings, Healthy People, and CMS Community Utilization & Quality Indicators): http://www.healthindicators.gov/Resources/Initiatives
Quick link to Indicators page: http://www.healthindicators.gov/Indicators/Selection
Kaiser Family Foundation
A leader in health policy analysis, health journalism and communication, the Kaiser Family Foundation is dedicated to filling the need for trusted, independent information on the major health issues facing our nation and its people. Kaiser is a non-profit, private operating foundation focusing on the major health care issues facing the U.S., as well as the U.S. role in global health policy. Unlike grant-making foundations, Kaiser develops and runs its own research and communications programs, sometimes in partnership with other non-profit research organizations or major media companies. It serves as a non-partisan source of facts, information, and analysis for policymakers, the media, the health care community, and the public.
On the left hand side of the screen on the home page, under ‘Browse by Report Type,’ you can view charts & data, fact sheets, interactive tools, news releases, reports, studies, and more. You can also search by major topic, including: Health Reform, Medicaid/CHIP, Medicare, Costs/Insurance, Uninsured/Coverage, State Policy, HIV/AIDS, U.S. Global Health Policy, Minority Health, Women’s Health Policy, and Media & Health. See: http://www.kff.org/
Quick link to Fast Facts, where you can search Kaiser’s database of slides by topic, keyword, or title, and use the results to create your own customized PowerPoint slideshow to download or print: http://facts.kff.org/
Quick link to StateHealthFacts.org: http://www.statehealthfacts.kff.org/
Access the following data and information:
1. Medicaid Information by State
2. Medicaid Information by Population
- Pregnant Women
- People with Disabilities
- Seniors and Dual Eligibles
3. Medicaid Information by Topic
- Prescription Drugs
- Cost Sharing
- Section 1115
- Home & Community-Based 1915(c)
- Managed Care Delivery Systems
- Combined 1915 (b)/(c)
- Long Term Services & Supports
- Delivery Systems
- Quality of Care
- Financing & Reimbursement
- Data & Systems
- Outreach & Enrollment
- Survey & Certification
- Program Integrity
- Children’s Health Insurance Program
Quick link to Medicaid and CHIP Program Information: http://medicaid.gov/Medicaid-CHIP-Program-Information/Medicaid-and-CHIP-Program-Information.html
Quick link to state-by-state total expenditures by program for the Medicaid Program, Medicaid Administration and CHIP programs as well as summary state-specific data: http://medicaid.gov/Medicaid-CHIP-Program-Information/By-Topics/Data-and-Systems/MBES/CMS-64-Quarterly-Expense-Report.html
Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC)
The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC) is an independent Congressional agency established by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-33) to advise the U.S. Congress on issues affecting the Medicare program. The Commission’s statutory mandate is quite broad: In addition to advising the Congress on payments to private health plans participating in Medicare and providers in Medicare’s traditional fee-for-service program, MedPAC is also tasked with analyzing access to care, quality of care, and other issues affecting Medicare.
Information available through MedPAC:
- Reports: The primary outlet for the Commission’s recommendations consists of two reports, published in March and June of each year. The Commission also publishes additional reports on a variety of subjects.
- Data Book: A yearly chart book that provides statistics for a range of Medicare topics.
- Congressional testimony: MedPAC testimony before the Congress on Medicare issues.
- Contractor reports: Reports produced for the Commission by outside authors.
- Comment letters: The Commission submits formal comments on regulations issued by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services, as well as on reports to the Congress about Medicare payment policy.
- Medicare Basics and Payment Basics: Brief overviews of key topics (Medicare Basics) and the individual payment systems (Payment Basics).
Quick link to Documents: http://medpac.gov/documents.cfm
National Institutes of Health
NIH’s mission is to seek fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life, and reduce the burdens of illness and disability. NIH is made up of 27 Institutes and Centers, each with a specific research agenda, often focusing on particular diseases or body systems.
Quick link to all NIH Institutes: http://nih.gov/icd/
U.S. Census Bureau: Health Insurance Data
The Census Bureau collects health insurance data using three national surveys: the Current Population Survey’s Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC), the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The CPS ASEC collects health insurance data on an annual basis at the national and state level geographies. The ACS collects data on an annual basis for the nation, all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, every congressional district and all counties, places and metropolitan areas with populations of 65,000 or more. The SIPP collects longitudinal health insurance data at the national level of geography.
Quick link to Health Insurance Data: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/data/index.html
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is the United States government’s principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves. HHS represents almost a quarter of all federal outlays, and it administers more grant dollars than all other federal agencies combined. HHS’ Medicare program is the nation’s largest health insurer, handling more than 1 billion claims per year. Medicare and Medicaid together provide health care insurance for one in four Americans.
HHS works closely with state and local governments, and many HHS-funded services are provided at the local level by state or county agencies, or through private sector grantees. The Department’s programs are administered by 11 operating divisions, including eight agencies in the U.S. Public Health Service and three human services agencies. The department includes more than 300 programs, covering a wide spectrum of activities. In addition to the services they deliver, the HHS programs provide for equitable treatment of beneficiaries nationwide, and they enable the collection of national health and other data. Quick link to HHS home page: http://www.hhs.gov/
The Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) advises the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services on policy development in health, disability, human services, data, and science, and provides advice and analysis on economic policy. Quick link to ASPE home page: http://aspe.hhs.gov/
Quick link to the Guide to HHS Surveys and Data Resources: http://aspe.hhs.gov/sp/surveys/index.cfm
Quick link to HHS Studies by Programs: http://aspe.hhs.gov/program/index.cfm
Quick link to the Health Data Initiative: http://www.hhs.gov/open/initiatives/hdi/index.html
U.S. Vital Statistics Data (NBER)
The National Vital Statistics System of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) collects vital statistics data for the U.S. Government which can be used by researchers and policymakers to monitor and improve the Nation’s health. The NBER attempts to keep a comprehensive collection, with some improvements in format or accessibility to research users. Original sources are noted below, but the NBER is responsible for the transformations offered here.
- Vital Statistics Books 1890 - 1984 (Historical); NCHS
- Vital Statistics Births Interactive Index 1931-1968; NCHS
- Vital Statistics Deaths - Historical 1900 - 1936 (machine readable); Grant Miller
- Vital Statistics Births - Historical 1915 - 1968 (machine readable, in process); Norberg
- Vital Statistics Births 1968 - ; NCHS
- Vital Statistics Deaths 1968 - ; NCHS
- Vital Statistics Marriage and Divorce 1968 - 1995; NCHS
- US Intercensal Population by State, Age and Sex 1970-1999; Census
- SEER US Population Data; Census
Quick link: http://www.nber.org/vital-statistics/
The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index® is the first-ever daily assessment of U.S. residents’ health and well-being. By interviewing at least 500 U.S. adults every day, the Well-Being Index provides real-time measurement and insights needed to improve health, increase productivity, and lower healthcare costs. The Index measures Life Evaluation, Emotional Health, Physical Health, Healthy Behaviors, Work Environment, and Basic Access.
Quick link: http://well-beingindex.com/
National Science Foundation Statistics
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950 “to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…” With an annual budget of about $7.0 billion (FY 2012), it is the funding source for approximately 20 percent of all federally supported basic research conducted by America’s colleges and universities. In many fields such as mathematics, computer science and the social sciences, NSF is the major source of federal backing.
Quick link to NSF Fact Sheet: http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=100595
The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), formerly the Division of Science Resources Statistics, was established within the National Science Foundation by Section 505 of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010. The new name signals the central role of NCSES in the collection, interpretation, analysis, and dissemination of objective data on the science and engineering enterprise. The responsibilities of NCSES have been broadened from those of the former Division of Science Resources Statistics. Data collections related to U.S. competitiveness and STEM education are part of these new responsibilities. NCSES is responsible for statistical data on the following:
- Research and development
- The science and engineering workforce
- U.S. competitiveness in science, engineering, technology, and R&D
- The condition and progress of STEM education in the United States
Quick link to Statistics home: http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/
Industrial Research and Development Information System (IRIS) is a database which holds all of the statistics produced by the National Science Foundation’s Survey of Industry Research and Development (SIRD) for 1953 to 2007, the last year SIRD was conducted. It has been replaced by the Business Research and Development and Innovation Survey (BRDIS), which expands NSF’s coverage of business R&D and innovation activities. IRIS contains tabulated statistics for selected periods on such measures as industry R&D funding and industry R&D personnel. These statistics are broken out by such dimensions as source, industrial sector, character of work, and company size.
Quick link to IRIS data: http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/iris/
Quick link to BRDIS page: http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/srvyindustry/
The Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) leads the Nation in research on linkages of land and water ecosystems in the coastal zone and provides society with knowledge to meet critical environmental challenges in the 21st century. The SERC Data Table of Contents (DTOC) contains basic metadata on a selection of data files and data sets collected by SERC researchers.
This site makes the latest research on innovation and rural development available to economic developers and other local decision makers in an easy-to-use format. The U.S. Economic Development Administration sponsored this project to develop new tools to support strategic economic development planning in rural regions. The goal of this work is to help rural planners assess their region’s comparative strengths and weaknesses with respect to fostering innovation-based growth. The project’s data and tools, however, can be used equally well in any type of region—urban, exurban, metropolitan or custom-based depending upon need and purpose.
The project team has developed three sets of tools for this purpose, tested and refined in collaboration with stakeholders in four rural regions around the nation. The tools, available on this website, include:
•An Innovation Index reflecting a region’s innovation activity and capacity, together with an interactive database containing the index and its component indicators for every county in the nation.
•Data on 15 knowledge-based occupation clusters and 17 industry clusters, also contained in this interactive database.
•Analytical tools to help regional planners evaluate public investment decisions in support of economic growth.
Quick link: http://www.statsamerica.org/innovation/data.html
U.S. Patent & Trademark Office
The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is the Federal agency for granting U.S. patents and registering trademarks. The USPTO also advises the President of the United States, the Secretary of Commerce, and U.S. Government agencies on intellectual property (IP) policy, protection, and enforcement; and promotes the stronger and more effective IP protection around the world.
Quick link to Patent Statistics and the Data Visualization Center: http://www.uspto.gov/patents/stats/index.jsp
Quick link to XML Resources: http://www.uspto.gov/products/xml-resources.jsp
Quick link to Patent Search: http://www.uspto.gov/patents/process/search/index.jsp
World Intellectual Property Organization
WIPO cooperates with intellectual property (IP) offices from around the world to provide its stakeholders with up-to-date IP statistics. The Organization also publishes statistical reports on worldwide IP activity and on the use of WIPO-administered treaties in the protection of IP rights internationally. Reliable IP statistics are an important tool in understanding trends in business and technology and in the use of the IP system worldwide and across different countries.
Quick link to IP Statistics: http://www.wipo.int/ipstats/en/
WIPO GOLD is a free public resource which provides a one-stop gateway to WIPO’s global collections of searchable IP data. It aims to facilitate universal access to IP information.
- Global Brand Database
- Statistics: Patents; Trademarks; Designs; Utility Models; Plant Varieties; Microorganisms
Quick link to WIPO GOLD: http://www.wipo.int/wipogold/en/
American Petroleum Institute: Motor Fuel Taxes
The American Petroleum Institute (API) is the only national trade association that represents all aspects of America’s oil and natural gas industry. Here is a summary report on gasoline and diesel taxes. This report is updated quarterly. API collects motor fuel tax information for all 50 states and compiles a report and chart detailing changes and calculating a nationwide average.
Government Accountability Office: Tax Policy and Administration
The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent, nonpartisan agency that works for Congress. Often called the “congressional watchdog,” GAO investigates how the federal government spends taxpayer dollars. GAO supports congressional oversight by:
• auditing agency operations to determine whether federal funds are being spent efficiently and effectively;
• investigating allegations of illegal and improper activities;
• reporting on how well government programs and policies are meeting their objectives;
• performing policy analyses and outlining options for congressional consideration; and
• issuing legal decisions and opinions, such as bid protest rulings and reports on agency rules.
Quick link to Tax Policy and Administration Reports: http://www.gao.gov/browse/topic/Tax_Policy_and_Administration
Internal Revenue Service: Tax Statistics
Find statistics on business tax, individual tax, charitable and exempt organizations, IRS operations and budget, and income (SOI), as well as statistics by form, products, publications, papers, and other IRS data.
Quick link to Tax Statistics, where you will find a wide range of tables, articles, and data that describe and measure elements of the U.S. tax system: http://www.irs.gov/uac/Tax-Stats-2
Sales Tax Institute
Quick link to Resources page where you can find updated (and some historical) information regarding sales tax rates by state, sales tax holidays, sales tax amnesty programs: http://www.salestaxinstitute.com/resources
Tax Policy Center
The Tax Policy Center is a joint venture of the Urban Institute and Brookings Institution. The Center is made up of nationally recognized experts in tax, budget, and social policy who have served at the highest levels of government.
The Tax Policy Center estimates the revenue and distributional impact of tax proposals using a state-of-the-art microsimulation model of the federal tax system. Our searchable database includes distribution tables that show how proposals alter tax liabilities and after-tax income, by dollar income class and by percentiles of the income distribution. We also periodically estimate the distribution of various federal taxes under current law, show how recent tax changes have altered that distribution, and examine other important issues such as the impact of the individual alternative minimum tax (AMT) and the distribution of the estate tax under current law and alternative policy options.
Quick link to TPC’s Tax Model: http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/numbers/index.cfm
Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration
The Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) was established under the IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 to provide independent oversight of IRS activities. TIGTA promotes the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness in the administration of the internal revenue laws. It is also committed to the prevention and detection of fraud, waste, and abuse within the IRS and related entities.
Home page: http://www.treasury.gov/tigta/
Quick link to TIGTA’s Semiannual Reports, which contain updated facts, figures and accomplishments for Congress: http://www.treasury.gov/tigta/publications_semi.shtml
U.S. Census Bureau: Federal Spending and Government Finance Statistics
This page will provide information about the annual Consolidated Federal Funds Report (CFFR), as well as Government Finance Statistics:
• Financial activity of governments including revenues, expenditures, debt and assets. Data are available online from 1992 and on State & Local Government Finances.
• Financial statistics of public school systems, including data on revenues, expenditures, debt, and assets. Data are available online from 1992 and on Public Elementary – Secondary Education Finances
• Financial statistics on state and local government employee retirement systems. Annual data are available online from 1993 and on. Quarterly data for the last five years are available online. Annual State & Local Public Pensions data is available.
Quick link: http://www.census.gov/govs/
U.S. Census Bureau: Tax Statistics
The United States Census Bureau conducts two surveys of state and local government tax collections:
• State Government Tax Collections covers taxes collected by each state during the fiscal year. Detail includes up to 25 tax categories per state, plus summaries.
• Quarterly Summary of State and Local Government Tax Revenue provides quarterly estimates of state and local tax revenue, as well as detailed tax revenue data for individual states. This quarterly survey has been conducted continuously since 1962. The information contained in this survey is the most current information available on a nationwide basis for government tax collections.
Quick link: http://www.census.gov/govs/www/taxgen.html
The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (FFATA) of 2006 requires that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) establish a single searchable website, accessible to the public at no cost, which includes for each Federal award:
1. the name of the entity receiving the award;
2. the amount of the award;
3. information on the award including transaction type, funding agency, etc.;
4. the location of the entity receiving the award; and
5. a unique identifier of the entity receiving the award.
USAspending.gov was first launched in December 2007 to fulfill these requirements. USAspending.gov receives and displays data pertaining to obligations (amounts awarded for federally sponsored projects during a given budget period), not outlays or expenditures (actual cash disbursements made against each project). See where the data comes from: http://www.usaspending.gov/learn?tab=AbouttheSite
Quick link to Summaries (Prime Award Spending data by Agency, Prime Awardee, and Location): http://www.usaspending.gov/explore
Quick link to Trends (choose from sixteen Federal Spending Trends viewed either graphically or in list form): http://www.usaspending.gov/trends. Some possible Trends include: by state, by congressional district, by contract type, by agency, by recipient, and others.
Retrieve spending data by state/agency/type/year/etc. in XML format. Quick link to Data Feeds: http://www.usaspending.gov/data
American Public Transportation Administration
To strengthen and improve public transportation, APTA serves and leads its diverse membership through advocacy, innovation and information sharing. APTA and its members and staff work to ensure that public transportation is available and accessible for all Americans in communities across the country.
A number of different data resources are available that provide information on public transportation. These various data resources provide summary information at the state, local and national level. Many of these resources also provide very detailed information on individual public transportation systems.
- Public Transportation Fact Book: The definitive resource for transit industry statistics.
- Ridership Report: Quarterly report on the number of passengers riding public transportation.
- Public Transportation Fare Database: Report listing fare structures by mode for many U.S. and Canadian agencies.
- APTA Statistical Reports: APTA’s reports on vehicles, infrastructure, and transit passengers.
- 2011 NTD Data Tables: The most recent data on transit agencies from the FTA’s National Transit Database.
- Investment Data: Reports presenting data on revenues, expenses, and assets which are frequently requested by agencies and businesses making transit investment decisions.
- Transit Benefit Data and Analysis: Data and analysis concerning the benefits of transit use for the economy, environment, and the well-being of transit riders and their communities.
- Policy Development and Research Program at APTA: Policy research and member surveys on critical issues facing the transit industry.
Center for Transportation Analysis
The mission of the Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is to provide solutions for assuring the safe, efficient and secure movement of people and goods on resilient transportation systems. The CTA does specialty research and development in Data, Statistical Analysis and Geo-Spatial Information Tools. Fact sheets, research briefs, and presentations are provided on this page for the various research areas in which the CTA specializes.
Quick link: http://cta.ornl.gov/cta/factsheets.shtml
Federal Aviation Administration Data
The FAA conducts research to ensure that commercial and general aviation is the safest in the world. On this page you will find information about how the research is done, the resulting data and statistics, and information on funding and grant data. Topics include:
- Accident & Incident Reports
- Aviation Data & Statistics
- Commercial Space Data
- Passengers & Cargo
- Funding & Grant Data
Quick link: http://www.faa.gov/data_research/
Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA)
The Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA) coordinates the U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) research programs and is charged with advancing the deployment of cross-cutting technologies to improve our Nation’s transportation system.
RITA brings together important data, research and technology transfer assets of the Department of Transportation, including:
- Bureau of Transportation Statistics (Quick link: http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/)
- National Transportation Library
- Intelligent Transportation Systems
- Positioning, Navigation and Timing
- Research, Development and Technology
- University Transportation Centers
- Transportation Safety Institute
- Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
Quick link to these resources: http://www.rita.dot.gov/about_rita
Quick link to Transtats where you can find data and statistics on transportation by mode, region, and subject: http://www.transtats.bts.gov/
U.S. Department of Transportation (FHWA, FMCSA & FRA)
The top priorities at DOT are to keep the traveling public safe and secure, increase their mobility, and have our transportation system contribute to the nation’s economic growth. Quick link to all DOT Agencies: http://www.dot.gov/administrations
Quick link to the Federal Highway Administration’s Highway Statistics Series, which consists of annual reports containing analyzed statistical information on motor fuel, motor vehicle registrations, driver licenses, highway user taxation, highway mileage, travel, and highway finance. These information are presented in tables as well as selected charts: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm
Quick link to the Data, Analysis, and Statistics page of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration:
Quick link to the Federal Railroad Administration’s Office of Safety Analysis page where users can run dynamic queries, download a variety of safety database files, publications and forms, and view current statistical information on railroad safety:
Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center
The Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center maintains a database to respond to special requests for data and to produce monthly, quarterly, and annual products including the annual five-volume Waterborne Commerce of the U.S. that summarizes trips and tonnage by ports and waterways. Also available through this site are fact sheets, data, and statistics on ports, waterborne traffic by commodity/state/vessel, and other information.