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U.S. Economy

Labor

  • ADP Employment Report

    The ADP National Employment Report® is published monthly by the ADP Research InstituteSM in close collaboration with Moody’s Analytics and its experienced team of labor market researchers. The ADP National Employment Report provides a monthly snapshot of U.S. nonfarm private sector employment based on actual transactional payroll data.

    Quick link: http://www.adpemploymentreport.com/

  • Bureau of Labor Statistics

    The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor is the principal Federal agency responsible for measuring labor market activity, working conditions, and price changes in the economy. Its mission is to collect, analyze, and disseminate essential economic information to support public and private decision-making.

    Major Economic Indicators:

    Consumer Price Index(CPI): An index of the cost of living commonly used to measure inflation. The BLS publishes the CPI-U, an index of consumer prices based on the typical market basket of goods and services consumed by all urban consumers, and the CPI-W, an index of consumer prices based on the typical market basket of goods and services consumed by urban wage earners and clerical workers.

    To calculate inflation, subtract a previous period’s CPI number from a later (e.g. current) period’s CPI number, then divide the result by the same previous period’s CPI number.

    Employment Cost Index(ECI): An index of the weighted-average cost of an hour of labor—comprising the cost to the employer of wage and salary payments, employee benefits, and payroll taxes for social insurance programs, such as Social Security. The ECI is structured so that it is not affected by changes in the mix of occupations in the labor force or the mix of employment by industry.

    Employment Situation: This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics survey (CES; establishment survey). For more information about these surveys, please read this technical explanation.

    • Unemployment rate: A measure of the number of jobless people who are available for work and are actively seeking jobs, expressed as a percentage of the labor force.
    • Labor force: The number of people age 16 or older in the civilian non-institutionalized population who have jobs or who are available for work and are actively seeking jobs. (The civilian non-institutionalized population excludes members of the armed forces on active duty and people in penal or mental institutions or in homes for the elderly or infirm.) The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percentage of the civilian non-institutionalized population age 16 or older.
    • News Releases and Data

    Producer Price Index:  Family of indexes that measure the average change over time in the prices received by domestic producers of goods and services.  PPIs measure price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other measures, such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price change from the purchaser’s perspective.  Sellers’ and purchasers’ prices can differ due to government subsidies, sales and excise taxes, and distribution costs. More than 9,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products are released each month.  PPIs are available for the products of virtually every industry in the mining and manufacturing sectors of the U.S. economy. New PPIs are gradually being introduced for the products of industries in the construction, trade, finance, and services sectors of the economy.

    Productivity and Costs: The BLS reports hours data on labor productivity and cost measures, as well as business output and labor compensation.

    • Productivity: Average real output per unit of input. Labor productivity is average real output per hour of labor. The growth of labor productivity is defined as the growth of real output that is not explained by the growth of labor input alone. Total factor productivity is average real output per unit of combined labor and capital services. The growth of total factor productivity is defined as the growth of real output that is not explained by the growth of labor and capital. Labor productivity and total factor productivity differ in that increases in capital per worker raise labor productivity but not total factor productivity.
    • News Releases and Data

    Real Earnings: A measure of the value of workers’ earnings (attained from the Current Employment Statistics survey) that removes the effect of inflation (attained from CPI data).

    U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes: The International Price Program (IPP) produces Import/Export Price Indexes (MXP) containing data on changes in the prices of nonmilitary goods and services traded between the U.S. and the rest of the world.

    Note: Sources of economic indicator definitions are the Congressional Budget Office and BLS.

  • U.S. Census Bureau: Business Dynamics Statistics

    The Business Dynamics Statistics (BDS) includes measures of establishment openings and closings, firm startups, job creation and destruction by firm size, age, and industrial sector, and several other statistics on business dynamics. The U.S. economy is comprised of over 6 million establishments with paid employees. The population of these businesses is constantly churning –– some businesses grow, others decline and yet others close. New businesses are constantly replenishing this pool. The BDS series provide annual statistics on gross job gains and losses for the entire economy and by industrial sector and state. These data track changes in employment at the establishment level, and thus provide a picture of the dynamics underlying aggregate net employment growth.

    Quick link to BDS Data: https://www.census.gov/ces/dataproducts/bds/data.html

  • U.S. Census Bureau: Labor Force Statistics

    Labor force statistics produced by the Census Bureau provide important information about the state of the nation’s workforce.

    Quick link: http://www.census.gov/people/laborforce/

  • U.S. Department of Labor

    All sorts of people use the Department of Labor (DOL) Web site. Here is a list of the Top 20 pages that workers, students, employers, and other customers are going to most frequently. These pages include:

    • The Occupational Outlook Handbook

    • BLS Data pages

    • COBRA, minimum wage, and other information

    Quick link: http://www.dol.gov/dol/top-requested.htm

  • U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

    The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person’s race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information. It is also illegal to discriminate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit.

    Most employers with at least 15 employees are covered by EEOC laws (20 employees in age discrimination cases). Most labor unions and employment agencies are also covered. The laws apply to all types of work situations, including hiring, firing, promotions, harassment, training, wages, and benefits.

    Quick link to EEOC Statistics: http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/statistics/index.cfm

  • U.S. Small Business Administration

    The SBA Office of Advocacy evaluates and researches issues of relevance to small firms, entrepreneurs, policymakers, and academics.

    Quick link to SBA Research & Statistics: http://archive.sba.gov/advo/research/

    This guide (quick link: http://archive.sba.gov/advo/research/rrsb.pdf) is designed as a portal to direct faculty, students, and researchers to small business data and research.

  • *U.S. Employment and Payroll Data (Federal, State, and Local) from 1993-2011

    Download Penn Wharton PPI spreadsheets and documents

    The Excel files have data from 1993-2011 except for the year 1996, as there was no data collected for that year by the U.S. Census Bureau. The Word document contains U.S total summary figures for state and local. Below is a description of each file:

    File 1: State and Local Employment and Payroll by function and year (1993-2011) for U.S. All functions are identical for all the years except:
    1. Education Total is included in 2007-2011. Education Total is : K-12 Education Total + High Ed Total + Other Ed
    2. K-12 Education Total is included from 2007-2011. K-12 Total is K-12 Instructional + K-12 Other employees
    3. Higher Ed Total is included from 2007-2011. Higher Ed Total is Higher Ed Instructional + Higher Ed Other
    4. Police Protection Total is included from 2007-2011: Police Total is Police Officers Only + Police Other
    5. Fire Protection Total is included from 2007-2011: Fire Total is Firefighters only + Fire Other

    File 2a & 2b: State and Local Employment and Payroll by employment function, state, and year (1993-2011). 

    File 3: State population by year (1993-2011). 

    Federal File 1 contains employment data by employment function by year (1993-2011) for all U.S. Data for total March pay for the year 1993 was not available. The file also contains employment data from the Department of Homeland Security after it was formed in 2003.

    Federal File 2 is comprised of total employment by state and by year.

  • *U.S. Labor Force Statistics 2003-2013Q2

    Download Penn Wharton PPI spreadsheet

    Data includes:

    • # in labor force
    • # employed
    • # non-farm employed
    • # unemployed
    • unemployment rate

Output, Income, and Prices

  • Historical Economic Calendar (NBER)

    The National Bureau of Economic Research updates this collection of economic indicators daily, which contains some recent historical data.

    Quick link: http://www.nber.org/releases/

  • Archival Federal Reserve Economic Data (ALFRED®)

    Using ALFRED® you can retrieve vintage versions of data that were available on specific dates in history. In general, economic data for past observation periods are revised as more accurate estimates become available. As a result, previous vintages of data can be superseded and may no longer be available from various data sources. Vintage data allows academics to reproduce others’ research, build more accurate forecasting models, and analyze economic policy decisions using the data available at the time.

    Currently, vintage data are available in 8 FRED categories:

    • Academic Data
    • Money, Banking, & Finance
    • National Accounts
    • Population, Employment, & Labor Markets
    • Production & Business Activity
    • Prices
    • International Data
    • U.S. Regional Data

    Quick link to ALFRED® home page: http://research.stlouisfed.org/tips/alfred/

  • BEARFACTS

    The Bureau of Economic Analysis presents the Regional Fact Sheet, which provides information about an area’s GDP and personal income. You can view customized fact sheets by state, county, metropolitan area, or BEA economic region.

    Quick link to BEARFACTS home page: http://www.bea.gov/regional/bearfacts/

  • Bureau of Economic Analysis

    The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) promotes a better understanding of the U.S. economy by providing the most timely, relevant, and accurate economic accounts data in an objective and cost-effective manner. BEA is an agency of the Department of Commerce. Along with the Census Bureau, BEA is part of the Department’s Economics and Statistics Administration. Today, BEA prepares national, regional, industry, and international accounts that present essential information on such key issues as economic growth, regional economic development, interindustry relationships, and the Nation’s position in the world economy.

    Major Economic Indicators:

    Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – The broadest measure of the U.S. economy. Components of GDP show how specific sectors of the economy are performing. GDP and the other components of the National Income and Product Accounts are key ingredients into Federal budget planning, monetary policy, and business planning.

    Personal Income and Outlays – A comprehensive and timely monthly estimate of all income received by persons in the United States, the money they spend on goods and services, and the income they save.

    Corporate Profits – The only comprehensive, timely, and consistent estimates of corporate earnings. These estimates are an important baseline for businesses and individuals in judging corporate earnings. Corporate profits information can be found towards the bottom of GDP news releases.

    Balance of Payments – The international transactions accounts are a statistical summary of transactions between U.S. and foreign residents, including, for example, transactions in goods and services, debt forgiveness, and transactions in U.S.-owned assets abroad and foreign-owned assets in the United States.

    Trade in Goods and Services – Monthly estimates of U.S. imports and exports of goods and services.

    Gross Domestic Product by State and Metro Area– The state and metro area counterpart to the GDP. GDP by State and Metro Area shows the portion of the Nation’s output produced in each state and the portion of each industry’s output by state and metro area.

    State and Local Area Income – This measure reports income for state, county, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), and BEA economic areas and is used along with GDP by State to allocate over 300 billion in Medicaid and other Federal transfers and grants. States use this estimate to project tax receipts and set spending caps.

  • Business Cycle History (NBER)

    The National Bureau of Economic Research has compiled a table of historical business cycle reference dates.

    Quick link: http://www.nber.org/cycles.html

  • Chicago Fed National Activity Index

    The Chicago Fed National Activity Index (CFNAI) is a monthly index designed to gauge overall economic activity and related inflationary pressure. The index takes into account production and income, employment and hours, personal consumption and housing, and sales, orders, and inventories. The CFNAI is released at 8:30 a.m. ET on scheduled days, normally toward the end of each calendar month.

    Quick link to CFNAI data: http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/research/data/cfnai/current_data.cfm

    (Note: A zero value for the index indicates that the national economy is expanding at its historical trend rate of growth; negative values indicate below-average growth; and positive values indicate above-average growth.)

  • Economic Indicators (Council of Economic Advisers)

    This publication is prepared by the Council of Economic Advisers to supply monthly updates related to the economic conditions in the United States. Economic Indicators provides statistical data both in tabular and graphic form and includes information on consumer and producer prices, employment, production, and money and banking. Tables typically display 10 years of annual data with the most recent 12 to 15 months broken out in detail.

    Quick link to home page: http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=1

    Quick link to Excel data: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=ECONI&browsePath=2013%2F03%2F1&isCollapsed=false&leafLevelBrowse=false&isDocumentResults=true&ycord=0

  • Economic Report of the President

    The Economic Report of the President is an annual report written by the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers. It is an overview of the nation’s economic progress using text and extensive data appendices. The Economic Report of the President is transmitted to Congress no later than ten days after the submission of the Budget of the United States Government. Information provided includes current and foreseeable trends and numerical goals concerning topics such as employment, production, real income and Federal budget outlays, employment objectives for significant groups of the labor force, annual numeric goals, and a program for carrying out program objectives. The report has been published since 1947.

    Quick link: http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=45

  • Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

    The St. Louis Fed offers several valuable services, including:

    • FRASER® (see National Data section above)

    • ALFRED®

    • FRED®

    • GeoFRED®

    • FOMC Speak® (see Agencies section below)

    • CASSIDI®: search for and view banking market definitions, find banking market concentrations, and perform “what if” (pro forma) analyses on banking market structures. CASSIDI® also offers an array of mapping options, enabling you, for example, to view banking market boundaries, find depository institutions, and compare market concentrations across banking markets. Quick link: http://cassidi.stlouisfed.org/

    Quick link to home page: http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/

  • Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED®)

    An online database consisting of more than 72,000 economic data time series from 54 national, international, public, and private sources. FRED®, created and maintained by Research Department at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, goes far beyond simply providing data: It combines data with a powerful mix of tools that help the user understand, interact with, display, and disseminate the data.

    Quick link to data page: http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/tags/series

  • GeoFRED®

    Create thematic maps using FRED data at the state, MSA, and county levels.

    Quick Link: http://geofred.stlouisfed.org

  • Global Business Cycle Indicators (The Conference Board)

    The Conference Board Leading Economic Index® (LEI) for the U.S.

    The composite economic indexes are the key elements in an analytic system designed to signal peaks and troughs in the business cycle. The leading, coincident, and lagging economic indexes are essentially composite averages of several individual leading, coincident, or lagging indicators. They are constructed to summarize and reveal common turning point patterns in economic data in a clearer and more convincing manner than any individual component – primarily because they smooth out some of the volatility of individual components.

    The ten components of The Conference Board Leading Economic Index® for the U.S. include:

    • Average weekly hours, manufacturing
    • Average weekly initial claims for unemployment insurance
    • Manufacturers’ new orders, consumer goods and materials
    • ISM Index of New Orders
    • Manufacturers’ new orders, nondefense capital goods excluding aircraft orders
    • Building permits, new private housing units
    • Stock prices, 500 common stocks
    • Leading Credit Index™
    • Interest rate spread, 10-year Treasury bonds less federal funds
    • Average consumer expectations for business conditions

    Quick link: http://www.conference-board.org/data/bcicountry.cfm?cid=1

    Also, the Conference Board releases the Consumer Confidence Index each month, which can be seen at:

    http://www.conference-board.org/data/consumerdata.cfm

  • Macrohistory Database (NBER)

    During the first several decades of its existence, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) assembled an extensive data set that covers all aspects of the pre-WWI and interwar economies, including: production, construction, employment, money, prices, asset market transactions, foreign trade, and government activity. Many series are highly disaggregated, and many exist at the monthly or quarterly frequency. The data set has some coverage of the United Kingdom, France and Germany, although it predominantly covers the United States.

    Quick link: http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/index.html

  • MeasuringWorth.com

    MeasuringWorth provides useful historical calculators, such as the following:

    • Historical CPI: http://www.measuringworth.com/uscpi/

    • Historical Inflation: http://www.measuringworth.com/inflation/

    • Historical GDP: http://www.measuringworth.com/usgdp/

    • Historical Stock Market Growth Rate: http://www.measuringworth.com/DJIA_SP_NASDAQ/

    • Purchasing Power: http://www.measuringworth.com/ppowerus/

    Quick Link to main calculator page: http://www.measuringworth.com/growth/

  • Philadelphia Fed Real-Time Data Research Center

    Historical economic datasets typically include adjusted and revised data and not the data that was released in real-time - the data that moved markets and affected policy pre-revision.

    The Real-Time Data Research Center seeks to become the global source of economic research involving real-time data, macroeconomic forecast surveys, and macroeconomic modeling, and the valuable insights to be drawn from that research for monetary policymaking. The center carries out its mission by producing and maintaining the real-time data set for macroeconomists, the Survey of Professional Forecasters, and the Livingston Survey, by providing macroeconometric analyses, and by encouraging collaboration among academic scholars and central bank researchers via a visiting scholar program, workshops, and conferences.

    Quick link: http://www.phil.frb.org/research-and-data/real-time-center/real-time-data/data-files/

  • Survey of Current Business (BEA)

    The monthly Survey of Current Business is BEA’s definitive source of information about its economic accounts. Articles in the Survey present the latest national, international, regional, and industry estimates; describe the methodologies used to prepare the estimates; provide information about major revisions; discuss on-going innovations; and generally keep users up to date on relevant BEA issues and initiatives. Each issue includes numerous tables and charts of various economic estimates. Each issue also includes a message from BEA’s director.

    Quick link: http://www.bea.gov/scb/index.htm

  • U.S. Census Bureau: E-Stats

    E-Stats is the U.S. Census Bureau’s internet site devoted exclusively to “Measuring the Electronic Economy.” This site features recent and upcoming releases, information on methodology, and background papers.

    Quick link: http://www.census.gov/econ/estats/index.html

  • U.S. Census Bureau: Economic Indicators
  • *U.S. National & Regional GDP and Real GDP 1997-2012
  • *U.S. Personal Income & Outlays 2002-2013Q2
  • *U.S. Consumer & Producer Price Indexes 2003-2013Q2

    Download Penn Wharton PPI spreadsheet

    Data includes:

    • CPI-U
    • CPI-W
    • CPI-U less food & energy
    • CPI-W less food & energy
    • PPI
    • PPI less food & energy

Housing

  • Fannie Mae: Economic & Strategic Research

    Fannie Mae’s housing market research includes information and analyses on the state of the housing and mortgage industries, consumer and demographic insights, economic and mortgage market analysis and trends, and forecasts. Fannie Mae initiatives include:

    • Economic & Housing Outlook

    • National Housing Survey

    • Own-Rent Analysis

    • Housing Insights Series

    Quick link: http://www.fanniemae.com/portal/research-and-analysis/index.html

  • Freddie Mac: Economic & Housing Research

    Freddie Mac’s Economic and Housing Research includes:

    • Primary Mortgage Market Survey: Freddie Mac surveys lenders each week on the rates, fees and points for the most popular mortgage products. Results are released Thursday at 10am EDT.
    • U.S. Economic and Housing Outlook: Each month, Freddie Mac compiles data on major economic, housing and mortgage market indicators and offers forecasts.
    • Refinancing Activity Reports: Freddie Mac compiles statistics and produces two quarterly reports, the “Cash-out Refinance Report” and the “Refinance Product Transition Report” based on loans refinanced in its retained portfolio.
    • Freddie Mac House Price Index (FMHPI): Freddie Mac publishes its monthly house price index values each quarter for the nation as a whole, for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, and 367 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs).
    • Monthly Refi and ARM Shares: Once a month, as part of the Weekly Primary Mortgage Market Survey®, Freddie Mac collects the Refinance and ARM share of applications, as reported by lenders who participate in the survey.
    • The Federal Cost of Funds Index (COFI) is used as a benchmark for some types of mortgage loans and securities. It is calculated as the sum of the monthly average interest rates for marketable Treasury bills and for marketable Treasury notes, divided by two, and rounded to three decimal places.

    Quick link: http://www.freddiemac.com/news/finance/index.html

  • National Association of Home Builders

    NAHB produces in-depth economic analyses of the home building industry based on private and government data. Our economics group surveys builders, home buyers, and renters to gain insight into the issues and trends driving the industry.

    Quick link: http://www.nahb.org/page.aspx/landing/sectionID=113

  • S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Indices

    The S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Indices are the leading measures of U.S. residential real estate prices, tracking changes in the value of residential real estate both nationally as well as in 20 metropolitan regions.

    Quick link: http://us.spindices.com/index-family/real-estate/sp-case-shiller

  • U.S. Census Bureau: Housing

    All available Census data on housing topics, including:

    • Comparability of Housing Data from the Census, ACS, AHS, and the CPS/HVS
    • Financial Characteristics
    • Homeownership
    • Housing Vacancies
    • Multifamily Housing
    • Physical Characteristics
    • Rental Housing
    • Residential Financing
    • Historical Housing Data

    Quick link: http://www.census.gov/housing/

  • U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development

    The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD’s) Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) supports the Department’s efforts to help create cohesive, economically healthy communities. PD&R is responsible for maintaining current information on housing needs, market conditions, and existing programs, as well as conducting research on priority housing and community development issues. The Office provides reliable and objective data and analysis to help inform policy decisions.

    HUD USER provides interested researchers with access to the original data sets generated by PD&R-sponsored data collection efforts, including the American Housing Survey, HUD median family income limits, as well as microdata from research initiatives on topics such as housing discrimination, the HUD-insured multifamily housing stock, and the public housing population. To help users identify which data are useful to them, two matrices are provided — one for PD&R data sets and a second that lists other available data from HUD.

    Quick link to Data Sets: http://www.huduser.org/portal/pdrdatas_landing.html

    Quick link to HUD home page: http://www.huduser.org/portal/

Trade

  • Export.gov

    Export.gov brings together resources from across the U.S. Government to assist American businesses in planning their international sales strategies and succeed in today’s global marketplace.

    Quick link to all Import/Export Data by industry: http://export.gov/tradedata/eg_main_018547.asp

  • International Trade Administration: Office of Trade & Industry Information

    The Office of Trade and Industry Information (OTII), as part of the International Trade Administration, seeks to provide a solid foundation of trade and industry data to support the development of national trade policies.

    Data include:

    Quick link to ITA Statistics page where you can find statistics on the U.S.’s top trading partners, a U.S. Trade Overview, the Exporter Database, and State Trade Reports: http://www.trade.gov/mas/ian/tradestatistics/index.asp

    Quick link to Data Analysis page where you can search trade data industry: http://trade.gov/data.asp

    Quick link to OTII page: http://www.trade.gov/mas/ian/otii/index.asp

  • National Marine Fisheries Service

    The Office of Science and Technology is part of the National Marine Fisheries Service (abbreviated “NMFS” and informally known as “NOAA Fisheries”).  The Office advocates and ensures the sound scientific basis for NOAA Fisheries science programs and resource conservation and management decisions. The Office is responsible for the National Fisheries Statistics program, including the publication of Fisheries Statistics of the U.S. and Fisheries of the U.S., and management of the Scientific Publications Office.

    The Fisheries Statistics Division of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) has maintained a foreign trade data base for many years. We have developed a series of programs that can be used to summarize U.S. foreign trade in fishery products for the years 1975 to present. You can summarize the kilos and dollar value by your choice of years, products, countries, and the type of trade.

    Quick link to Trade Data page: http://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/st1/trade/index.html

    Quick link to OST home page where you can access Recreational and Commercial Fisheries Statistics: http://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/index

  • U.S. Census Bureau: National Trade Data

    Foreign Trade is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and responsible for issuing regulations governing the reporting of all export shipments from the United States. If you’re searching for import or export statistics, information on export regulations, commodity classifications, or a host of other trade related topics, this is the place to get the information you need. Data are compiled in terms of commodity classification, quantities, values, shipping weights, method of transportation (air or vessel), state of (movement) origin, customs district, customs port, country of destination, and whether contents are domestic goods or exports.

    Quick link: http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/data/index.html

  • U.S. Census Bureau: State Trade Data

    Export and Import data by state. Data include:

    • The top 25 commodities for each state, classified by 6-digit Schedule B code.
    • The top 25 trading partner countries for each state.
    • Annual data, 2009 - 2012

    Quick link: http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/state/

  • U.S. Customs & Border Protection

    U.S. Customs and Border Protection will facilitate about $2 trillion in legitimate trade this year while enforcing U.S. trade laws that protect the economy, the health and the safety of the American people.

    To view the latest Trade Fact Sheets, see: http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/newsroom/fact_sheets/trade/

  • U.S. Department of Agriculture

    The USDA is a hub of data which oversees these resources:

    • Economic Research Service (ERS) - see below

    • National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) - see below

    • Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) - maintains a global agricultural market intelligence and commodity reporting service to provide U.S. farmers and traders with information on world agricultural production and trade for use in adjusting to changes in world demand for U.S. agricultural products. Quick link to FAS databases: http://www.fas.usda.gov/data.asp

    • World Agricultural Outlook Board (WAOB) serves as USDA’s focal point for economic intelligence and the commodity outlook for U.S. and world agriculture. The Board coordinates, reviews, and approves the monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report and houses OCE’s Joint Agricultural Weather Facility. Quick link: http://www.usda.gov/oce/commodity/index.htm

  • U.S. Department of Commerce

    The U.S. Department of Commerce promotes job creation, economic growth, sustainable development and improved standards of living for all Americans by working in partnership with businesses, universities, communities and our nation’s workers. The department touches the daily lives of the American people in many ways, with a wide range of responsibilities in the areas of trade, economic development, technology, entrepreneurship and business development, environmental stewardship, and statistical research and analysis.

    Quick link: http://www.commerce.gov/

  • U.S. Department of State: Trade Policy & Programs

    Trade Policy and Programs (TPP) advances U.S. trade policy objectives by opening new export opportunities for American businesses, farmers, ranchers and workers through global, regional and bilateral trade initiatives - including free trade agreements (FTAs) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).

    TPP is composed of four offices:

    • Office of Agriculture, Biotechnology, and Textile Trade Affairs
    • Office of Bilateral Trade Affairs
    • Office of Intellectual Property Enforcement
    • Office of Multilateral Trade Affairs

    Quick link: http://www.state.gov/e/eb/tpp/

  • U.S. International Trade Commission

    The mission of the U.S. International Trade Commission is to: (1) administer U.S. trade remedy laws within its mandate in a fair and objective manner; (2) provide the President, the United States Trade Representative (USTR), and Congress with independent, quality analysis, information, and support on matters relating to tariffs and international trade and competitiveness; and (3) maintain the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.

    Commission trade and industry analysis is conducted largely by the Office of Industries and the Office of Economics. The Office of Industries is organized by broad industrial and service categories. The Office of Economics is organized by region of the world, a research group that develops and uses economic models and techniques, and a group that provides economic support to Import Injury cases.

    Quick link: http://www.usitc.gov/research_and_analysis/

  • U.S. Meat Export Federation

    USMEF compiles trade statistics from monthly data reported by USDA/FAS and collected by the U.S. Department of Commerce. USMEF includes beef and pork muscle cuts, processed products and variety meat or offals in the trade statistics.

    Quick link: http://www.usmef.org/news-statistics/statistics/

  • USDA Economic Research Service (ERS)

    The Economic Research Service provides key indicators, outlook analysis, and a wealth of data on the U.S. food and agricultural system. Along with information on farming practices, structure, and performance, ERS produces data on such diverse topics as farm and rural households, commodity markets, food marketing, agricultural trade, diet and health, food safety, food and nutrition assistance programs, natural resources and the environment, and the rural economy.

    Quick link to home page: http://www.ers.usda.gov/

    Browse by Topic:

    Quick link to Data Products: http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products.aspx#.Ub8xRJzfJ8E

    Quick link to Chart Gallery: http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/chart-gallery.aspx#.Ub8yoZzfJ8E

    Food Environment Atlas:

    Food environment factors–such as store/restaurant proximity, food prices, food and nutrition assistance programs, and community characteristics–interact to influence food choices and diet quality. Research is beginning to document the complexity of these interactions, but more is needed to identify causal relationships and effective policy interventions.

    The objectives of the Atlas are 1) to assemble statistics on food environment indicators to stimulate research on the determinants of food choices and diet quality and 2) to provide a spatial overview of a community’s ability to access healthy food and its success in doing so.

    Quick link to Food Environment Atlas: http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/food-environment-atlas.aspx#.Ub8ypJzfJ8E

  • USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)

    National Agricultural Statistics Service collects, summarizes, analyzes, and publishes agricultural production and marketing data on a wide range of items, including number of farms and land in farms, acreage, yield, production, stocks of grains, and numerous commodities. The Census of Agriculture is conducted every five years to collect information on the number of farms, land use, production expenses, value of land, buildings, and farm products, farm size, characteristics of farm operators, market value of agricultural production sold, acreage of major crops, inventory of livestock and poultry, and farm irrigation practices.

    Quick link: http://www.nass.usda.gov/Data_and_Statistics/index.asp

  • World Trade Organization

    The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.

    WTO provides access to several databases, including:

    • Statistics database: Online database containing time series on international trade, country trade, tariff and services profiles

    • Tariff Download Facility: Sophisticated detailed and interactive tariff analysis

    • Tariff Analysis Online: Simpler, standardized tariff statistics, mainly for downloading

    • RTA database: Regional trade agreements

    • PTA database: Preferential trade arrangements

    • I-TIP database: Non-tariff measures

    Quick link: http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/data_pub_e.htm

  • *U.S. Balance of Payments (International Transactions) 1960-2012

PENN WHARTON PPI
RESOURCE SPOTLIGHT:

  • <h3>USDA Nutrition Assistance Data</h3><p><img width="180" height="124" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/180/height/124/485_usda_logo.rev.1407789238.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image485 lw_align_right" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/180/height/124/485_usda_logo.rev.1407789238.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/180/height/124/485_usda_logo.rev.1407789238.jpg 3x" data-max-w="1233" data-max-h="850"/>Data and research regarding the following <strong>USDA Nutrition Assistance</strong> programs are available through this site:</p><ul><li>Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) </li><li>Food Distribution Programs </li><li>School Meals </li><li>Women, Infants and Children </li></ul><p> Quick link: <a href="http://www.fns.usda.gov/data-and-statistics" target="_blank">http://www.fns.usda.gov/data-and-statistics</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED®)</h3><p><strong><img width="180" height="79" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/180/height/79/481_fred-logo.rev.1407788243.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image481 lw_align_right" data-max-w="222" data-max-h="97"/>An online database consisting of more than 72,000 economic data time series from 54 national, international, public, and private sources.</strong> FRED®, created and maintained by Research Department at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, goes far beyond simply providing data: It combines data with a powerful mix of tools that help the user understand, interact with, display, and disseminate the data.</p><p> Quick link to data page: <a href="http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/tags/series" target="_blank">http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/tags/series</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>Congressional Budget Office</h3><p><img width="180" height="180" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/180/height/180/380_cbo-logo.rev.1406822035.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image380 lw_align_right" data-max-w="180" data-max-h="180"/>Since its founding in 1974, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has produced independent analyses of budgetary and economic issues to support the Congressional budget process.</p><p> The agency is strictly nonpartisan and conducts objective, impartial analysis, which is evident in each of the dozens of reports and hundreds of cost estimates that its economists and policy analysts produce each year. CBO does not make policy recommendations, and each report and cost estimate discloses the agency’s assumptions and methodologies. <strong>CBO provides budgetary and economic information in a variety of ways and at various points in the legislative process.</strong> Products include baseline budget projections and economic forecasts, analysis of the President’s budget, cost estimates, analysis of federal mandates, working papers, and more.</p><p> Quick link to Products page: <a href="http://www.cbo.gov/about/our-products" target="_blank">http://www.cbo.gov/about/our-products</a></p><p> Quick link to Topics: <a href="http://www.cbo.gov/topics" target="_blank">http://www.cbo.gov/topics</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>MapStats</h3><p> A feature of FedStats, MapStats allows users to search for <strong>state, county, city, congressional district, or Federal judicial district data</strong> (demographic, economic, and geographic).</p><p> Quick link: <a href="http://www.fedstats.gov/mapstats/" target="_blank">http://www.fedstats.gov/mapstats/</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>Internal Revenue Service: Tax Statistics</h3><p><img width="155" height="200" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/155/height/200/486_irs_logo.rev.1407789424.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image486 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/155/height/200/486_irs_logo.rev.1407789424.jpg 2x" data-max-w="463" data-max-h="596"/>Find statistics on business tax, individual tax, charitable and exempt organizations, IRS operations and budget, and income (SOI), as well as statistics by form, products, publications, papers, and other IRS data.</p><p> Quick link to <strong>Tax Statistics, where you will find a wide range of tables, articles, and data</strong> that describe and measure elements of the U.S. tax system: <a href="http://www.irs.gov/uac/Tax-Stats-2" target="_blank">http://www.irs.gov/uac/Tax-Stats-2</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>NOAA National Climatic Data Center</h3><p><img width="200" height="198" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/200/height/198/483_noaa_logo.rev.1407788692.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image483 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/200/height/198/483_noaa_logo.rev.1407788692.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/200/height/198/483_noaa_logo.rev.1407788692.jpg 3x" data-max-w="954" data-max-h="945"/>NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) is responsible for preserving, monitoring, assessing, and providing public access to the Nation’s treasure of <strong>climate and historical weather data and information</strong>.</p><p> Quick link to home page: <a href="http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/" target="_blank">http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/</a></p><p> Quick link to NCDC’s climate and weather datasets, products, and various web pages and resources: <a href="http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/quick-links" target="_blank">http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/quick-links</a></p><p> Quick link to Text & Map Search: <a href="http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/" target="_blank">http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>The World Bank Data (U.S.)</h3><p><img width="130" height="118" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/130/height/118/484_world-bank-logo.rev.1407788945.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image484 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/130/height/118/484_world-bank-logo.rev.1407788945.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/130/height/118/484_world-bank-logo.rev.1407788945.jpg 3x" data-max-w="1406" data-max-h="1275"/>The <strong>World Bank</strong> provides World Development Indicators, Surveys, and data on Finances and Climate Change.</p><p> Quick link: <a href="http://data.worldbank.org/country/united-states" target="_blank">http://data.worldbank.org/country/united-states</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>National Bureau of Economic Research (Public Use Data Archive)</h3><p><img width="180" height="43" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/180/height/43/478_nber.rev.1407530465.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image478 lw_align_right" data-max-w="329" data-max-h="79"/>Founded in 1920, the <strong>National Bureau of Economic Research</strong> is a private, nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization dedicated to promoting a greater understanding of how the economy works. The NBER is committed to undertaking and disseminating unbiased economic research among public policymakers, business professionals, and the academic community.</p><p> Quick Link to <strong>Public Use Data Archive</strong>: <a href="http://www.nber.org/data/" target="_blank">http://www.nber.org/data/</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>Federal Aviation Administration: Accident & Incident Data</h3><p><img width="100" height="100" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/100/height/100/80_faa-logo.rev.1402681347.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image80 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/100/height/100/80_faa-logo.rev.1402681347.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/100/height/100/80_faa-logo.rev.1402681347.jpg 3x" data-max-w="550" data-max-h="550"/>The NTSB issues an accident report following each investigation. These reports are available online for reports issued since 1996, with older reports coming online soon. The reports listing is sortable by the event date, report date, city, and state.</p><p> Quick link: <a href="http://www.faa.gov/data_research/accident_incident/" target="_blank">http://www.faa.gov/data_research/accident_incident/</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>The Penn World Table</h3><p> The Penn World Table provides purchasing power parity and national income accounts converted to international prices for 189 countries/territories for some or all of the years 1950-2010.</p><p><a href="https://pwt.sas.upenn.edu/php_site/pwt71/pwt71_form.php" target="_blank">Quick link.</a> </p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>HUD State of the Cities Data Systems</h3><p><strong><img width="200" height="200" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/200/height/200/482_hud_logo.rev.1407788472.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image482 lw_align_left" srcset="/live/image/scale/2x/gid/4/width/200/height/200/482_hud_logo.rev.1407788472.jpg 2x, /live/image/scale/3x/gid/4/width/200/height/200/482_hud_logo.rev.1407788472.jpg 3x" data-max-w="612" data-max-h="613"/>The SOCDS provides data for individual Metropolitan Areas, Central Cities, and Suburbs.</strong> It is a portal for non-national data made available through a number of outside institutions (e.g. Census, BLS, FBI and others).</p><p> Quick link: <a href="http://www.huduser.org/portal/datasets/socds.html" target="_blank">http://www.huduser.org/portal/datasets/socds.html</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>
  • <h3>National Center for Education Statistics</h3><p><strong><img width="400" height="80" alt="" src="/live/image/gid/4/width/400/height/80/479_nces.rev.1407787656.jpg" class="lw_image lw_image479 lw_align_right" data-max-w="400" data-max-h="80"/>The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education in the U.S. and other nations.</strong> NCES is located within the U.S. Department of Education and the Institute of Education Sciences. NCES has an extensive Statistical Standards Program that consults and advises on methodological and statistical aspects involved in the design, collection, and analysis of data collections in the Center. To learn more about the NCES, <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/about/" target="_blank">click here</a>.</p><p> Quick link to NCES Data Tools: <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/datatools/index.asp?DataToolSectionID=4" target="_blank">http://nces.ed.gov/datatools/index.asp?DataToolSectionID=4</a></p><p> Quick link to Quick Tables and Figures: <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/quicktables/" target="_blank">http://nces.ed.gov/quicktables/</a></p><p> Quick link to NCES Fast Facts (Note: The primary purpose of the Fast Facts website is to provide users with concise information on a range of educational issues, from early childhood to adult learning.): <a href="http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/" target="_blank">http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/#</a></p><p>See all <a href="/data-resources/">data and resources</a> »</p>